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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: Does the race/ethnicity profile of juvenile offenders in residential placement vary by offense?
A: Non-Hispanic black juveniles accounted for the majority (41%) of nonwhite youth held in residential placement in 2010.

Race/ethnicity profile of juvenile offenders in residential placement, 2010

Most serious offense Total White
                            Minority                            
Total
Minority
Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

Total 100 % 32 % 68 % 41 % 22 % 2 % 1 %
  Delinquency 100   32   68   41   22   2   1  
   Person 100   28   72   45   22   1   1  
    Criminal homicide 100   16   84   45   32   2   2  
    Sexual assault 100   53   47   27   16   2   1  
    Robbery 100   9   91   66   22   1   1  
    Aggravated assault 100   22   78   43   30   1   2  
    Simple assault 100   37   63   38   18   3   1  
    Other person 100   38   62   37   21   1   1  
   Property 100   35   65   41   19   2   1  
    Burglary 100   33   67   45   18   1   1  
    Theft 100   38   62   42   16   1   1  
    Auto theft 100   33   67   41   21   2   1  
    Arson 100   54   46   29   13   2   0  
    Other property 100   36   64   34   25   2   1  
   Drug 100   39   61   36   20   2   1  
    Drug trafficking 100   28   72   47   23   1   0  
    Other drug 100   43   57   33   20   3   1  
   Public order 100   31   69   41   24   2   1  
    Weapons 100   16   84   52   28   1   1  
    Other public order 100   40   60   34   22   2   1  
   Technical violation* 100   33   67   36   27   2   1  
  Status 100   44   56   34   11   5   2  

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
*Technical violations include violations of probation, parole, and valid court order.

Notes: Total includes a small number of youth for whom race/ethnicity was not reported or was reported as other. Detail may not add to total due to rounding.

The "Hispanic" category includes persons of Latin American or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. These persons are not included in the other race/ethnicity categories.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as "other race."

[ Excel file ]

  • In 2010, nearly 47,900 minority offenders were in residential placement in juvenile facilities across the country; 68% of the national residential placement population.
  • White youth's share of juveniles held in placement was greatest for the offenses of sexual assault and arson and black youth's share was greatest for robbery and drug trafficking.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08205.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on December 09, 2011.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2010 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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