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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: Does the minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement vary by state and placement status?
A: In nearly all states, a disproportionate number of minorities were in residential placement in 2010.

Minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement, 2010

State of offense
                                    Minority proportion                                    
Juvenile
population
Total CJRP Detained
        Committed        
Public Private

U.S. total 43 % 68 % 71 % 68 % 62 %
Alabama 38   62   62   68   56  
Alaska 41   61   62   62   *56  
Arizona 55   66   62   71   *52  
Arkansas 31   57   62   60   55  
California 69   87   86   88   83  

Colorado 38   56   57   55   57  
Connecticut 34   81   81   *86   *79  
Delaware 42   81   *85   74   *77  
District of Columbia 88   95   *94   *94   *91  
Florida 51   62   63   61   62  

Georgia 50   83   79   85   78  
Hawaii 81   93   *100   *92   --  
Idaho 20   26   27   26   *18  
Illinois 44   67   82   61   55  
Indiana 22   41   48   41   36  

Iowa 15   38   39   40   37  
Kansas 27   52   54   54   44  
Kentucky 15   39   43   39   *19  
Louisiana 45   78   79   77   78  
Maine 7   15   --   13   --  

Maryland 50   83   88   74   84  
Massachusetts 28   66   68   69   63  
Michigan 28   64   69   49   68  
Minnesota 22   58   69   55   55  
Mississippi 49   82   81   81   --  

Missouri 23   49   61   46   *70  
Montana 16   42   *47   *42   *38  
Nebraska 23   56   63   57   53  
Nevada 57   72   71   76   *46  
New Hampshire 9   21   --   *29   *27  

New Jersey 44   88   88   89   *67  
New Mexico 71   82   84   83   *81  
New York 46   77   84   92   63  
North Carolina 41   69   73   80   *57  
North Dakota 15   43   --   *43   *41  

Ohio 22   56   56   57   54  
Oklahoma 38   64   60   70   *55  
Oregon 28   39   33   41   34  
Pennsylvania 26   74   67   74   74  
Rhode Island 31   64   --   *70   66  

South Carolina 42   69   64   71   71  
South Dakota 21   57   58   57   55  
Tennessee 29   61   56   67   43  
Texas 63   78   79   78   71  
Utah 22   37   36   44   26  

Vermont 6   *45   --   --   --  
Virginia 39   70   64   72   --  
Washington 33   50   49   51   *29  
West Virginia 7   26   19   *24   36  
Wisconsin 23   59   71   64   48  
Wyoming 18   26   --   28   23  

-- Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).

Notes: U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities but includes 2,567 juvenile offenders for whom State of offense was not reported (most of these youth are in private facilities). U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (1) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory.

The juvenile population is the number of juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each State.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as "other race."

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Percentages are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

 [ Excel file ]


Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08208.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2010 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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