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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: How do male residential placement rates vary by race/ethnicity and State?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black male juveniles in the population, 903 were in residential placement on October 26, 2011; for Hispanic males the rate was 350, and for non-Hispanic white males it was 182.

Male residential placement rates by race/ethnicity (per 100,000 male juveniles), 2011

State of offense Total White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

U.S. total 330 182 526 903 350 535 60
Alabama 336 195 569 651 143 *165 *0
Alaska 441 255 704 1,098 *96 896 *87
Arizona 213 150 263 477 240 340 *57
Arkansas 377 240 677 943 234 *413 *229
California 399 169 500 1,337 489 327 70

Colorado 396 260 616 1,855 413 940 140
Connecticut 127 40 292 503 200 *0 *0
Delaware 355 133 653 937 224 *0 *0
District of Columbia 1,130 *211 1,258 1,424 *384 *0 *0
Florida 338 261 410 902 67 *200 *23

Georgia 317 119 514 663 164 *0 *17
Hawaii 120 194 104 953 *65 *0 55
Idaho 355 336 429 *457 427 *647 *215
Illinois 296 155 473 769 282 1,426 45
Indiana 405 311 726 998 242 *875 *49

Iowa 371 264 954 1,601 552 *1,318 *92
Kansas 442 332 732 1,742 295 *460 *215
Kentucky 284 195 769 963 294 *691 *0
Louisiana 381 159 651 740 126 *164 *86
Maine 219 191 569 985 *218 *498 *0

Maryland 272 80 468 631 158 *0 *0
Massachusetts 163 66 411 591 417 *0 *57
Michigan 346 180 775 1,068 226 *147 *44
Minnesota 253 121 714 1,164 263 1,857 169
Mississippi 130 44 223 242 *60 *0 *0

Missouri 341 243 684 826 314 *357 *58
Montana 257 195 577 *452 488 692 *0
Nebraska 455 249 1,099 2,063 532 2,375 *143
Nevada 411 272 514 1,116 428 *565 103
New Hampshire 98 81 270 *465 *347 *0 *0

New Jersey 192 59 355 749 186 *588 *15
New Mexico 393 228 461 564 485 291 *0
New York 234 97 392 722 220 *91 *17
North Carolina 129 48 243 344 71 *161 *29
North Dakota 334 224 941 *725 *291 1,257 *0

Ohio 335 184 863 1,062 184 *367 *27
Oklahoma 232 146 376 890 157 221 *0
Oregon 486 394 709 1,560 628 1,200 186
Pennsylvania 409 163 1,112 1,582 575 *252 63
Rhode Island 322 174 641 1,431 402 *0 *180

South Carolina 301 145 522 607 135 *0 *0
South Dakota 681 466 1,483 *819 *489 1,943 *0
Tennessee 204 99 464 580 87 *0 *53
Texas 296 149 379 747 308 *124 30
Utah 329 232 667 1,274 633 776 304

Vermont 115 112 *152 *0 *0 *0 *0
Virginia 349 159 644 979 156 *0 *35
Washington 252 178 398 750 358 670 59
West Virginia 452 370 1,452 1,298 *373 *0 *0
Wisconsin 297 113 911 1,750 269 568 *106
Wyoming 585 516 903 2,740 482 1,645 *0

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: The residential placement rate is the number of male juveniles in residential placement per 100,000 male juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile jurisdiction in each State. U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities but includes 2,184 male juvenile offenders for whom State of offense was not reported (most of these youth are in private facilities). U.S. total includes a small number of male offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Rates are based on rounded counts. Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

[ Excel file ]

  • Nationally, the ratio of the residential placement rate for minority males to that for white males was 2.9 to 1.
  • In 42 states and the District of Columbia, the placement rate for non-Hispanic black males exceeded the rate for all other race/ethnicity groups.
  • Nationally, the placement rates for males were substantially higher than the corresponding rates for females. For example the overall placement rate for males was 330 per 100,000 male juveniles in the population. In comparison, the rate for females was 54 per 100,000 female juveniles.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08210.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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