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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: Does the race/ethnicity profile of juveniles in residential placement vary by offense and gender?
A: Non-Hispanic black juveniles accounted for 35% of female juveniles and 41% of male juveniles in residential placement in 2011.

Race/ethnicity profile of juvenile offenders in residential placement, 2011

Most serious offense Total White
                            Minority                            
Total
Minority
Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

Male 100 % 31 % 69 % 41 % 23 % 2 % 1 %
  Delinquency 100   31   69   41   24   2   1  
   Person 100   28   72   44   23   2   1  
    Criminal homicide 100   16   84   42   34   2   5  
    Sexual assault 100   53   47   28   14   2   1  
    Robbery 100   9   91   65   23   1   1  
    Aggravated assault 100   21   79   41   34   2   1  
    Simple assault 100   36   64   39   20   2   1  
    Other person 100   36   64   38   22   2   1  
   Property 100   33   67   42   21   2   1  
    Burglary 100   30   70   46   20   1   1  
    Theft 100   36   64   43   17   1   1  
    Auto theft 100   32   68   39   25   2   1  
    Arson 100   48   52   29   17   3   1  
    Other property 100   33   67   33   29   2   1  
   Drug 100   37   63   33   26   2   1  
    Drug trafficking 100   25   75   45   26   1   1  
    Other drug 100   40   60   30   26   2   1  
   Public order 100   32   68   39   25   1   1  
    Weapons 100   15   85   53   30   0   1  
    Other public order 100   43   57   30   22   2   1  
   Technical violation** 100   32   68   37   27   2   1  
  Status 100   47   53   34   10   4   1  
             
Female 100   39   61   35   19   4   1  
  Delinquency 100   38   62   35   20   3   1  
   Person 100   34   66   40   18   3   1  
    Criminal homicide 100   *29   *71   *38   *30   *4   *0  
    Sexual assault 100   *60   *40   *30   *7   *2   *0  
    Robbery 100   16   84   47   30   3   0  
    Aggravated assault 100   28   72   43   21   4   1  
    Simple assault 100   39   61   39   15   3   1  
    Other person 100   42   58   37   15   2   2  
   Property 100   40   60   36   18   3   1  
    Burglary 100   39   61   35   22   4   1  
    Theft 100   43   57   37   14   3   1  
    Auto theft 100   36   64   34   23   4   0  
    Arson 100   *52   *48   *31   *5   *5   *5  
    Other property 100   35   65   37   19   4   1  
   Drug 100   53   47   14   24   5   1  
    Drug trafficking 100   *33   *67   *21   *38   *6   *0  
    Other drug 100   55   45   13   23   5   1  
   Public order 100   37   63   40   16   4   2  
    Weapons 100   28   72   48   21   1   1  
    Other public order 100   39   61   38   15   4   2  
   Technical violation** 100   39   61   31   24   3   1  
  Status 100   48   52   31   10   4   1  

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Percent based on fewer than 100 observations.
**Technical violations include violations of probation, parole, and valid court order.

Notes: Total includes a small number of youth for whom race/ethnicity was not reported or was reported as other. Detail may not add to total due to rounding.

The "Hispanic" category includes persons of Latin American or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. These persons are not included in the other race/ethnicity categories.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as "other race."

[ Excel file ]

  • The racial profile of females in residential placement was different from the profile for males. Whites accounted for the greatest proportion of females in residential placement (39%). In comparison, among males, blacks accounted for the largest proportion (41%).
  • Though racial profiles varied by offense for both males and females, the offense categories with the highest proportion of black males and females were weapons offenses and robbery.
  • Juveniles held for arson and sexual assault offenses had the largest proportion of non-minority white males, while juveniles held for other drug offenses, drug trafficking, and sexual assault had the largest proportion of non-minority white females.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08211.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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