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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: Does the offense profile of juveniles held in residential placement vary by State?
A: Most States had a greater proportion of juveniles held for person crimes than for property crimes.

Offense profile of juveniles held in residential placement by State, 2011

State of offense
                                            Most serious offense                                            
Total Person Property Drug Public
order
Technical
violations
Status

U.S. total 100 % 37 % 24 % 7 % 12 % 16 % 4 %
Alabama 100   23   31   6   12   18   9  
Alaska 100   30   24   4   5   32   4  
Arizona 100   21   25   14   12   25   3  
Arkansas 100   38   23   7   10   19   4  
California 100   41   22   4   14   18   1  

Colorado 100   38   26   9   17   9   1  
Connecticut 100   19   15   4   14   45   2  
Delaware 100   33   20   10   17   18   2  
District of Columbia 100   49   22   6   7   13   3  
Florida 100   30   32   9   10   18   0  

Georgia 100   41   27   4   13   12   4  
Hawaii *100   *39   *45   *3   *3   *6   *3  
Idaho 100   25   32   15   17   8   3  
Illinois 100   44   24   5   13   14   0  
Indiana 100   31   28   8   15   10   8  

Iowa 100   39   30   12   10   6   3  
Kansas 100   38   26   8   17   10   1  
Kentucky 100   35   21   4   16   18   7  
Louisiana 100   40   28   7   8   7   11  
Maine 100   36   38   7   16   4   0  

Maryland 100   44   23   14   11   4   4  
Massachusetts 100   54   23   4   14   4   1  
Michigan 100   32   22   3   13   20   9  
Minnesota 100   39   22   2   20   13   4  
Mississippi 100   23   49   7   14   3   3  

Missouri 100   32   30   8   9   11   9  
Montana 100   29   27   14   7   14   9  
Nebraska 100   30   27   8   9   16   10  
Nevada 100   22   23   20   13   17   5  
New Hampshire *100   *50   *23   *3   *3   *7   *10  

New Jersey 100   48   15   7   16   13   0  
New Mexico 100   24   17   7   5   47   1  
New York 100   41   21   3   8   12   15  
North Carolina 100   43   36   3   6   10   2  
North Dakota 100   17   17   15   17   2   33  

Ohio 100   44   20   4   11   19   2  
Oklahoma 100   33   33   9   11   11   2  
Oregon 100   52   22   5   14   7   0  
Pennsylvania 100   32   18   11   11   25   4  
Rhode Island 100   35   23   18   5   19   0  

South Carolina 100   29   21   5   13   26   5  
South Dakota 100   17   17   14   17   24   11  
Tennessee 100   44   23   9   9   11   4  
Texas 100   40   21   7   9   21   1  
Utah 100   23   18   18   25   14   2  

Vermont *100   *42   *25   *0   *0   *0   *25  
Virginia 100   47   25   2   5   18   2  
Washington 100   48   25   4   8   12   3  
West Virginia 100   33   23   6   9   17   13  
Wisconsin 100   48   28   4   16   1   3  
Wyoming 100   12   19   12   8   31   17  

-- Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).

Notes: U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities but includes 2,324 juvenile offenders for whom State of offense was not reported (most of these youth are in private facilities). U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Percentages are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Map of percent held for person offenses ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Nationally, 24% of juveniles in residential placement were being held for property crimes. In comparison, 37% were held for person offenses.
  • Person offenders made up 40% or more of the placement population in 18 states and in the District of Columbia.
  • States with the highest proportion of property offenders included: Mississippi (49%), and Hawaii (45%).
  • The proportion of juveniles held for drug offenses ranged from 20% (Nevada) to less than 1% (Vermont).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08301.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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