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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: How does the type of offense resulting in placement vary by race/ethnicity?
A: Offense profiles of youth in residential placement did not vary substantially by race/ethnicity.

Offense profile of juveniles in residential placement by race/ethnicity, 2010

Most serious offense Total White
                                    Minority                                    
Total
Minority
Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

Total 100 % 100 % 100 % 100 % 100 % 100 % 100 %
  Delinquency 96   94   96   96   98   88   94  
   Person 37   32   39   40   37   31   41  
    Criminal homicide 1   1   2   1   2   2   3  
    Sexual assault 7   11   5   4   5   7   4  
    Robbery 10   3   13   16   10   3   11  
    Aggravated assault 9   6   10   9   12   6   14  
    Simple assault 8   9   7   7   6   11   6  
    Other person 3   3   2   2   3   2   3  
   Property 24   26   23   24   21   21   24  
    Burglary 10   10   10   11   9   8   11  
    Theft 5   6   5   5   4   4   5  
    Auto theft 3   4   3   4   3   4   5  
    Arson 1   1   1   1   0   1   0  
    Other property 4   5   4   4   5   5   3  
   Drug 7   9   6   6   7   9   5  
    Drug trafficking 1   1   2   2   2   1   1  
    Other drug 6   7   5   4   5   8   5  
   Public order 11   11   12   11   13   11   11  
    Weapons 4   2   5   5   5   2   5  
    Other public order 7   9   6   6   7   9   6  
   Technical violation* 16   16   16   14   20   16   13  
  Status 4   6   4   4   2   12   6  

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Technical violations include violations of probation, parole, and valid court order.

Notes: Race proportions do not include youth of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include a small number of youth for whom race/ethnicity was not reported or was reported as "other." Detail may not total 100% because of rounding or because all offenses are not presented.

[ Excel file ]

  • Robbery was the most serious offense for a greater proportion of black, Hispanic, American Indian, and Asian juveniles than white juveniles in residential placement.
  • Burglary offenses were the most serious offense for a greater proportion of black juveniles than other juveniles in residential placement.
  • Regardless of race/ethnicity, a substantial proportion of youth were held for technical violations of probation, parole, or valid court orders.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08303.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on December 09, 2011.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2010 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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