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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: What factors influence State residential placement rates?
A: Including status offenders and private facilities in the calculation of residential placement rates affects State rankings based on these rates.

State residential placement rates by facility type, 2011

State of offense Upper Age
of Juvenile
Court
Jurisdiction
Number of
Offenders
                      Residential placement rate                      
All
offenders
Delinquent
      offenders      
Status
  offenders  
  Public     Private   Public Private
Rate Rank Rate Rank Rate Rank Rate Rate

U.S. total 61,423   196 133 55 3 5
Alabama 17 1,026   198 26 94 36 87 10 *0 17
Alaska 17 222   270 7 208 6 51 23 *11 *0
Arizona 17 936   130 41 118 27 8 43 2 *1
Arkansas 17 711   224 17 88 38 127 7 4 7
California 17 9,810   233 14 207 8 23 31 2 0

Colorado 17 1,254   234 13 145 22 85 12 3 *1
Connecticut 16 252   75 48 59 48 14 38 *1 *1
Delaware 17 180   194 27 168 14 23 31 *3 *0
District of Columbia 17 258   618 1 345 1 259 1 *14 *7
Florida 17 3,744   203 21 60 47 142 5 *0 *0

Georgia 16 1,788   184 28 151 21 26 28 7 *0
Hawaii 17 99   75 48 68 44 *7 45 *2 *0
Idaho 17 399   213 20 198 10 8 43 6 *0
Illinois 16 2,106   171 33 156 17 14 38 *0 *0
Indiana 17 1,878   258 8 161 16 77 14 7 14

Iowa 17 729   225 16 79 41 138 6 *1 7
Kansas 17 813   255 9 209 5 44 25 *1 *0
Kentucky 17 747   163 35 143 23 9 42 *1 10
Louisiana 16 957   222 18 165 15 33 27 6 17
Maine 17 165   129 42 129 26 *0 51 *0 *0

Maryland 17 939   153 36 112 28 35 26 *0 5
Massachusetts 16 543   95 45 34 50 60 20 *0 *1
Michigan 16 2,085   221 19 101 33 100 9 4 16
Minnesota 17 828   145 39 83 40 57 22 3 2
Mississippi 17 258   77 46 70 43 4 48 *3 *0

Missouri 16 1,122   202 23 179 13 5 46 17 *0
Montana 17 168   169 34 136 25 21 34 *0 15
Nebraska 17 669   337 4 202 9 103 8 *5 29
Nevada 17 720   245 10 211 4 25 29 9 *2
New Hampshire 16 90   76 47 43 49 25 29 *0 *8

New Jersey 17 1,005   106 44 102 32 3 49 *0 *0
New Mexico 17 522   229 15 208 6 20 35 *1 *0
New York 15 2,139   148 38 61 45 64 18 *0 22
North Carolina 15 567   74 50 61 45 11 41 *1 *0
North Dakota 17 156   241 11 106 30 60 20 *9 69

Ohio 17 2,490   200 24 183 12 13 40 3 1
Oklahoma 17 576   141 40 93 37 46 24 *1 *1
Oregon 17 1,098   281 5 218 3 63 19 *0 *0
Pennsylvania 17 3,075   238 12 74 42 156 4 *0 8
Rhode Island 17 186   180 29 104 31 75 15 *0 *0

South Carolina 16 726   173 32 95 35 69 16 4 5
South Dakota 17 429   492 2 238 2 200 3 *10 45
Tennessee 17 783   116 43 88 38 23 31 2 3
Texas 16 4,671   175 30 154 19 20 35 1 1
Utah 17 732   200 24 112 28 84 13 4 *1

Vermont 17 36   59 51 25 51 20 35 *10 *5
Virginia 17 1,686   203 21 197 11 1 50 5 *0
Washington 17 1,062   150 37 141 24 5 46 4 *0
West Virginia 17 489   278 6 153 20 87 10 15 22
Wisconsin 16 915   174 31 101 33 68 17 *1 4
Wyoming 17 249   433 3 156 17 208 2 21 52

Notes: State is where the offense occurred. The total for the United States includes 2,324 juveniles in private facilities for whom State of offense was not reported. U.S total does not include juveniles in tribal facilities. Rates are per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through upper age of jurisdiction. State ranks are based on unrounded rates.

To protect the confidentiality of juvenile residents all published data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) are rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Each state cell is rounded independently, without consideration as to row or column totals. As a result, in many tables, the internal cells do not add to the marginal totals. Rates and percentages presented from CJRP are also based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the CJRP Databook Web site.

[ Excel file ]

  • Whereas most delinquents are in public facilities, most status offenders are in private facilities. State residential placement rates based only on delinquents in public facilities are very different from rates that include status offenders and offenders in private facilities. Of course, several factors influence variations in State placement rates. Differences in States’ upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction, extended age of jurisdiction (i.e., how long the juvenile justice system has jurisdiction over youth for dispositional purposes), and provisions for transfer to criminal court; jurisdictions’ demographic composition; offenders’ offense profiles; and bedspace availability in custodial facilities effect placement rates. Thus, State placement rate comparisons should be interpreted with caution.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08602.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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