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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: How do States vary in their use of private facilities?
A: Although nationally nearly one-third of juvenile offenders were held in privately operated facilities, the use of private facilities varies substantially by State.

States' use of private facilities, 2011

State of offense
  Percent of juvenile offenders held in  
Public Facilities Private Facilities

U.S. total 69 % 31 %
Alabama 47   53  
Alaska 80   19  
Arizona 93   7  
Arkansas 41   59  
California 90   10  

Colorado 63   37  
Connecticut 80   19  
Delaware 88   12  
District of Columbia 58   42  
Florida 30   70  

Georgia 86   14  
Hawaii *91   *9  
Idaho 96   4  
Illinois 91   9  
Indiana 65   35  

Iowa 35   65  
Kansas 82   17  
Kentucky 88   12  
Louisiana 77   23  
Maine 100   0  

Maryland 73   26  
Massachusetts 35   65  
Michigan 48   52  
Minnesota 59   41  
Mississippi 94   6  

Missouri 98   2  
Montana 80   20  
Nebraska 61   39  
Nevada 89   11  
New Hampshire *57   *43  

New Jersey 96   4  
New Mexico 91   9  
New York 42   59  
North Carolina 84   16  
North Dakota 48   54  

Ohio 93   7  
Oklahoma 67   33  
Oregon 78   22  
Pennsylvania 31   69  
Rhode Island 58   42  

South Carolina 57   43  
South Dakota 50   50  
Tennessee 77   23  
Texas 88   12  
Utah 58   42  

Vermont *67   *42  
Virginia 99   1  
Washington 97   3  
West Virginia 61   39  
Wisconsin 59   41  
Wyoming 40   60  

-- Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).

Notes: U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities but includes 2,324 juvenile offenders for whom State of offense was not reported (most of these youth are in private facilities). U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory.

To protect the confidentiality of juvenile residents all published state data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) are rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Each state cell is rounded independently, without consideration as to row or column totals. As a result, in many tables, the internal cells do not add to the marginal totals. Rates and percentages presented from CJRP are also based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Excel file ]

  • Several States used private facilities for less than 10% of offenders in residential placement in 2011, but many States relied quite heavily on private facilities, placing as many as 70% of offenders in them.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08603.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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