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Juveniles in Court
Delinquency Case Rate Trends
Although person offense case rates are much lower for females than for males, female case rates have increased more sharply since 1985.

Delinquency Case Rates for Person Offenses by Sex, 1985-2011

Year Males Females
1985 11.0 2.8
1986 11.8 3.2
1987 11.9 3.2
1988 12.5 3.5
1989 13.6 3.8
1990 15.4 4.3
1991 17.3 4.8
1992 18.5 5.4
1993 19.0 5.9
1994 20.0 6.6
1995 21.1 7.4
1996 20.6 7.4
1997 20.6 7.8
1998 19.5 7.9
1999 19.2 7.7
2000 18.3 7.5
2001 18.2 7.6
2002 17.8 7.6
2003 17.8 7.8
2004 18.0 7.9
2005 18.6 8.4
2006 17.8 7.9
2007 17.6 7.9
2008 17.3 7.7
2009 15.7 7.1
2010 14.6 6.9
2011 13.6 6.5

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • The female person offense case rate grew steadily between 1985 and the late 1990s, increasing more than 170% during the period. After a period of stability, the female person offense case rate again increased, reaching a new peak in 2005. Between 2005 and 2011, the female person offense case rate decreased 23%. Comparatively, the male rate increased 92% between 1985 and its 1995 peak, then generally declined. By 2011, the male person offense case rate was 36% below the 1995 peak.
  • As a result of the large increase in female person offense case rates, the disparity in male-female case rates declined somewhat between 1985 and 2011. In 1985, the male person offense case rate was about 4 times the female rate; by 2011, the male rate was 2.5 times the female rate - 13.6 compared with 6.5.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06241. May 22, 2014.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2011. Forthcoming. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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