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Juveniles in Court
Delinquency Case Rate Trends
For all racial groups, property offense case rates reached a peak in the early 1990s then declined through 2010.

Delinquency Case Rates for Property Offenses by Race, 1985-2010

Year Whites Blacks American Indian Asian/NHPI
1985 24.9 40.5 44.9 9.0
1986 25.7 42.9 46.7 9.2
1987 26.0 43.8 49.0 10.0
1988 25.5 46.5 45.0 10.2
1989 26.0 46.3 50.0 9.6
1990 27.4 50.3 42.6 9.5
1991 29.8 54.6 55.8 12.0
1992 29.6 53.4 56.7 12.0
1993 27.6 51.7 46.4 11.9
1994 28.1 53.0 47.8 12.5
1995 28.9 53.3 40.1 11.9
1996 28.1 51.5 41.0 11.9
1997 26.5 49.8 39.4 11.4
1998 24.3 43.6 36.9 10.1
1999 21.8 40.3 31.0 9.3
2000 20.6 37.8 27.9 9.4
2001 19.0 35.4 25.0 8.8
2002 18.7 34.8 24.8 8.1
2003 18.2 34.3 23.2 7.7
2004 17.6 33.5 21.7 7.4
2005 16.7 33.3 18.9 7.0
2006 16.0 32.5 17.5 6.4
2007 16.3 33.9 17.3 6.2
2008 16.6 35.8 16.3 6.4
2009 15.3 34.0 15.2 5.8
2010 13.7 30.3 14.2 5.1

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • Property offense case rates peaked in 1991 for black juveniles and white juveniles, 1992 for American Indian juveniles, and 1994 for Asian/NHPI juveniles. The increase between 1985 and the peak year was the greatest for Asians/NHPI youth (40%), followed by black juveniles (35%), American Indian juveniles (26%), and whites (20%).
  • For most racial groups, the rates dropped quickly after their peaks. By 2010, the rates for American Indian juveniles and Asian/NHPI juveniles were 75% and 57% below their respective peaks. The rates for white juveniles and black juveniles were 54% and 43% below the 1991 peaks, respectively.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06252. April 17, 2013.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2009. Forthcoming. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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