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Juveniles in Court
Delinquency Case Rate Trends
Between 1985 and 2010, the public order offense case rate increased more for black youth (126%) and white youth (31%) than for Asian/NHPI youth (24%). The public order offense case rate decreased for American Indian youth (21%).

Delinquency Case Rates for Public Order Offenses by Race, 1985-2010

Year Whites Blacks American Indian Asian/NHPI
1985 7.0 10.5 11.9 2.3
1986 7.6 11.9 12.0 2.3
1987 7.4 12.7 11.6 2.4
1988 7.4 14.5 13.1 2.6
1989 7.4 16.0 13.2 2.7
1990 7.7 17.7 11.4 3.0
1991 7.4 19.1 11.4 3.6
1992 7.7 20.0 12.1 3.8
1993 8.4 22.0 11.3 3.7
1994 9.3 23.5 13.8 3.9
1995 9.5 24.7 11.8 3.3
1996 10.4 25.9 13.1 3.3
1997 11.1 26.9 12.9 3.6
1998 11.4 25.6 14.9 3.6
1999 11.5 25.1 14.0 3.4
2000 11.5 25.8 12.0 3.7
2001 11.5 25.8 12.0 3.9
2002 11.4 25.9 12.5 3.9
2003 11.4 26.7 11.5 4.2
2004 11.3 28.4 11.6 4.1
2005 11.2 29.5 11.7 4.3
2006 11.1 29.6 11.4 4.1
2007 11.0 29.3 11.1 3.8
2008 10.8 29.1 10.8 3.6
2009 10.0 26.3 9.8 3.3
2010 9.2 23.7 9.4 2.9

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • After a period of stability between 1985 and 1991, the public order offense case rate for white youth grew steadily through 2000, resting at a rate 56% above the 1991 level. The rate was essentially constant through the 2007 then declined through 2010.
  • For black youth, the public order offense case rate more than doubled between 1985 and 1997. Following a brief decline, the rate increased through the mid-2000s, leveled off, then declined 28% between 2008 and 2010.
  • For American Indian youth, the public order offense case rate grew 25% between 1985 and 1998. By 2010, the rate was 28% below its 1998 peak.
  • Unlike the trends for the other racial groups, the public order case rate for Asian/NHPI juveniles was relatively stable between 1985 and 2010, ranging between a low point of 2.3 (1986) and a peak of 4.3 (2005).


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06254. April 17, 2013.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2009. Forthcoming. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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