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Juveniles in Court
Juvenile Court Cases
Q: What proportion of delinquency cases are referred to juvenile court by law enforcement agencies?
A: The majority (83%) of delinquency cases handled in juvenile court in 2010 were referred by law enforcement agencies.

Percentage of delinquency cases referred by law enforcement, 1985-2010

Year Person Property Drugs Public order

1985 81 % 89 % 92 % 64 %
1986 78   88   92   65  
1987 80   89   93   65  
1988 80   89   93   64  
1989 79   87   88   64  
1990 82   89   89   69  
1991 81   88   90   70  
1992 85   91   94   72  
1993 86   91   94   71  
1994 86   91   94   70  
1995 86   90   94   69  
1996 86   91   93   68  
1997 86   91   93   65  
1998 85   90   93   61  
1999 86   91   93   65  
2000 88   92   93   62  
2001 88   92   93   62  
2002 88   92   93   63  
2003 88   91   92   63  
2004 88   92   93   66  
2005 89   92   93   66  
2006 88   92   93   67  
2007 88   92   93   67  
2008 88   91   93   66  
2009 88   91   92   65  
2010 88   90   91   65  

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Cases can be referred to juvenile court by any one of a number of sources such as law enforcement agencies, social service agencies, schools, parents, probation officers, and victims.
  • Law enforcement agencies referred 91% of drug law violation cases, 90% of property offense cases, 88% of person offense cases, and 65% of public order offense cases handled in juvenile court in 2010.
  • A smaller proportion of public order cases are referred to juvenile court by law enforcement, largely because this offense category contains cases involving contempt of court and probation violations that are most often referred by probation or court personnel.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/qa06203.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on April 17, 2013.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2010 (forthcoming). Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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