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Juveniles in Court
Juvenile Court Cases
Q: Did the growth in delinquency cases vary across offenses?
A: Drug offense cases increased more than other offense cases between 1985 and 2010.

Delinquency cases by offense, 1985-2010

Year Person Property Drugs Public order

1985 185,200 709,000 77,800 196,600
1986 197,300 726,200 74,000 210,300
1987 196,100 729,400 74,100 208,500
1988 205,300 720,000 81,700 213,400
1989 223,500 727,300 80,900 218,600
1990 257,300 780,600 69,900 233,000
1991 293,200 870,000 66,300 237,400
1992 324,200 884,900 72,600 254,500
1993 345,100 853,500 89,800 284,200
1994 377,700 888,100 128,000 317,700
1995 410,400 920,000 162,800 333,400
1996 410,800 909,200 186,700 364,800
1997 422,800 875,300 190,800 389,700
1998 411,600 800,800 188,200 396,700
1999 410,300 734,200 186,500 401,800
2000 401,800 705,800 187,800 414,000
2001 408,000 664,700 192,500 420,400
2002 407,300 661,600 185,900 424,300
2003 414,700 651,600 185,200 432,400
2004 421,700 634,500 187,200 441,200
2005 434,100 612,700 185,500 446,900
2006 416,300 588,500 182,100 443,800
2007 411,400 599,600 183,000 438,100
2008 399,700 610,400 177,500 427,400
2009 365,500 564,900 166,000 388,000
2010 346,800 502,400 164,100 354,800

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Between 1985 and 2010, the total number of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts increased 17%.
  • During this period, the number of drug offense cases increased 111%, public order offense cases increased 80%, and person offense cases increased 87%. In comparison, the number of property offense cases declined 29%.
  • Since 2006, however, caseloads declined for all offenses: down 20% for public order offenses, 17% for person offenses, 15% for property offenses, and 10% for drug offenses.
  • Compared with 1985, the 2010 delinquency caseload contained greater proportions of person (25% versus 16%), drugs (12% versus 7%), and public order (26% versus 17%) offense cases and a smaller proportion of property (37% versus 61%) offense cases.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/qa06205.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on April 17, 2013.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2010 (forthcoming). Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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