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Juveniles in Court
Juvenile Court Cases
Q: What are the characteristics of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts?
A: Females accounted for one-fourth (28%) of the more than 1.2 million delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 2011, youth under age 16 accounted for 53% of all cases, and minority youth accounted for one-third (36%) of all cases.

Characteristics of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts, 2011

Most serious offense
Number
of cases
Percent of cases handled by juvenile courts
Female Under 16 White Black American
Indian
Asian/NHPI
Total Delinquency
1,236,200
28%
53%
64%
33%
2%
1%
Person Offenses
317,500
31
60
58
40
1
1
Violent Crime Index*
61,500
17
53
45
52
1
1
Criminal homicide
900
13
33
55
43
1
1
Forcible rape
5,700
3
60
70
28
2
1
Robbery
23,200
10
48
29
69
1
2
Aggravated assault
31,600
25
57
52
45
2
1
Simple assault
221,300
36
62
60
38
1
1
Other violent sex offenses
10,800
7
70
65
32
1
1
Other person offenses
23,900
30
58
68
30
1
1
Property Offenses
447,500
29
54
65
32
2
2
Property Crime Index**
317,500
34
53
63
34
2
2
Burglary
79,800
10
52
61
37
1
1
Larceny-theft
219,700
43
52
63
33
2
2
Motor vehicle theft
12,700
21
47
60
37
2
1
Arson
5,400
13
75
73
24
1
1
Vandalism
70,400
16
61
77
20
2
1
Trespassing
39,300
20
52
60
37
1
1
Stolen property offenses
12,000
15
47
56
42
1
2
Other property offenses
8,200
28
44
65
32
1
2
Drug Law Violations
152,600
19
41
77
20
2
1
Public Order Offenses
318,600
28
50
63
34
1
1
Obstruction of justice
149,700
26
41
63
34
2
1
Disorderly conduct
90,200
36
63
54
44
2
1
Weapons offenses
26,400
11
58
63
35
1
1
Liquor law violations
14,400
32
36
88
8
3
1
Nonviolent sex offenses
11,700
20
66
73
25
1
1
Other public order offenses
26,300
25
48
74
23
1
2
* Includes criminal homicide, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.
** Includes burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

Note: Detail may not add to totals because of rounding. Percents are based on unrounded numbers.

[ Excel file ]

  • Delinquency offenses are acts committed by juveniles that would be crimes if committed by adults.
  • In 2011, females accounted for 43% of all larceny-theft cases, 36% of all simple assault cases, and 36% of disorderly conduct cases.
  • Youth under age 16 accounted for three-fourths (75%) of all arson cases handled in 2011, and 60% or more of all simple assault, vandalism, and disorderly conduct offenses.
  • Minority youth accounted for more than half (55%) of all Violent Crime Index offense cases and nearly one-fourth (23%) of all drug law violation cases.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/qa06206.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on May 22, 2014.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2011 (forthcoming). Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

Data Source: National Juvenile Court Data Archive. National Center for Juvenile Justice. Pittsburgh, PA.

 

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