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Juveniles in Court
Juvenile Court Cases
Q: What are the characteristics of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts?
A: Females accounted for one-fourth (28%) of the more than 1.1 million delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 2012, youth under age 16 accounted for 53% of all cases, and minority youth accounted for one-third (37%) of all cases.

Characteristics of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts, 2012

Most serious offense
Number
of cases
Percent of cases handled by juvenile courts
Female Under 16 White Black American
Indian
Asian/NHPI
Total Delinquency
1,145,800
28%
53%
63%
34%
2%
1%
Person Offenses
294,500
32
61
57
40
1
1
Violent Crime Index*
58,000
17
55
45
52
1
1
Criminal homicide
900
15
34
55
43
2
1
Forcible rape
7,500
4
63
68
30
2
1
Robbery
21,200
10
49
28
70
1
2
Aggravated assault
28,400
26
57
52
45
2
1
Simple assault
204,400
37
63
59
39
1
1
Other violent sex offenses
9,400
7
72
69
29
1
1
Other person offenses
22,700
32
59
68
30
1
1
Property Offenses
409,800
29
54
64
33
2
2
Property Crime Index**
295,200
33
53
62
35
2
2
Burglary
73,900
11
54
60
37
1
1
Larceny-theft
204,100
42
53
62
34
2
2
Motor vehicle theft
11,600
21
48
60
37
2
1
Arson
5,600
14
75
68
30
1
1
Vandalism
62,400
17
61
75
22
2
1
Trespassing
33,700
21
52
61
37
1
1
Stolen property offenses
11,000
15
45
56
42
1
1
Other property offenses
7,400
26
46
64
33
1
1
Drug Law Violations
147,800
19
41
77
20
2
1
Public Order Offenses
293,800
28
51
62
35
2
1
Obstruction of justice
139,600
27
42
63
34
2
1
Disorderly conduct
82,200
37
64
53
45
2
1
Weapons offenses
23,500
11
60
61
37
1
2
Liquor law violations
11,700
33
37
88
8
3
1
Nonviolent sex offenses
11,500
18
68
75
24
1
1
Other public order offenses
25,300
25
48
74
24
1
2
* Includes criminal homicide, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.
** Includes burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

Note: Detail may not add to totals because of rounding. Percents are based on unrounded numbers.

[ Excel file ]

  • Delinquency offenses are acts committed by juveniles that would be crimes if committed by adults.
  • In 2012, females accounted for 42% of all larceny-theft cases, 37% of all simple assault cases, and 37% of disorderly conduct cases.
  • Youth under age 16 accounted for three-fourths (75%) of all arson cases handled in 2012, and 60% or more of all simple assault, vandalism, disorderly conduct, and weapons offenses.
  • Minority youth accounted for more than half (54%) of all Violent Crime Index offense cases and nearly one-fourth (23%) of all drug law violation cases.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/qa06206.asp?qaDate=2012. Released on February 20, 2015.

Adapted from Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/.

Data Source: National Juvenile Court Data Archive. National Center for Juvenile Justice. Pittsburgh, PA.

 

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