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Juveniles in Court
Detention
Q: Do trends in the number of detained cases vary by offense?
A: Increases in the number of cases involving detention occurred in three of the four offense categories, with person offense cases showing the sharpest increase between 1985 and 2010.

Detained delinquency cases by offense, 1985-2010

Year Person Property Drugs Public order

1985 46,200 126,600 17,300 55,900
1986 49,600 131,900 19,100 58,500
1987 43,900 121,700 21,600 54,400
1988 48,500 122,600 26,400 55,500
1989 56,000 128,000 28,900 58,500
1990 64,000 138,700 24,700 59,600
1991 66,600 129,800 22,900 53,100
1992 73,300 132,800 23,200 57,400
1993 80,200 129,600 25,800 64,300
1994 85,600 131,200 32,600 68,300
1995 94,100 131,700 37,400 70,000
1996 95,900 126,700 39,400 75,300
1997 102,700 135,200 42,200 90,900
1998 98,800 135,200 45,800 103,700
1999 100,500 129,600 47,100 107,800
2000 97,700 118,100 42,200 107,300
2001 106,400 117,600 41,900 110,900
2002 106,600 121,900 41,700 116,600
2003 107,800 117,200 40,700 114,900
2004 108,900 113,000 39,900 112,700
2005 109,100 103,100 37,600 110,400
2006 109,700 103,600 36,400 110,100
2007 110,800 102,400 35,300 105,600
2008 106,300 99,700 31,000 98,500
2009 96,100 92,200 27,400 90,400
2010 91,400 85,600 26,400 83,500

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Juvenile courts sometimes hold youth in secure detention facilities during court processing of their case. Depending on the State's detention laws, the court may decide detention is necessary to ensure the juvenile's appearance at subsequent court hearings, to protect the community from the juvenile, or to secure the juvenile's own safety. Detention may also be ordered for the purpose of evaluating the juvenile.
  • The number of person offense cases in which youth were detained nearly doubled between 1985 and 2010. There was a 53% increase among drug offense cases and a 49% increase among public order offense cases during the same period. In comparison, the number of property cases detained declined 32% during that period.
  • Compared with 1985, the 2010 the detention caseload contained greater proportions of person (32% versus 19%), drugs (9% versus 7%), and public order (29% versus 23%) offense cases and a smaller proportion of property (30% versus 51%) offense cases.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/qa06302.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on April 17, 2013.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2010 (forthcoming). Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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