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Juveniles in Court
Detention
Q: Have trends in the number of detained cases varied by race?
A: The number of delinquency cases involving detention declined for racial groups since 2006.

Detained delinquency cases by race, 1985-2010

Year White Black Other races

1985 162,800 75,800 5,000
1986 166,400 85,400 4,800
1987 149,700 85,200 4,500
1988 146,000 99,300 4,800
1989 156,200 106,300 5,300
1990 163,000 114,800 4,400
1991 145,700 115,200 5,300
1992 156,500 120,200 5,400
1993 168,500 121,400 4,400
1994 182,800 124,500 5,100
1995 192,600 130,600 4,500
1996 190,200 135,700 5,200
1997 217,900 141,000 5,200
1998 236,400 134,600 5,600
1999 234,400 137,400 5,700
2000 217,500 136,600 4,900
2001 219,800 145,900 4,500
2002 228,800 146,500 5,100
2003 223,600 145,400 5,600
2004 216,600 147,300 5,600
2005 208,800 140,200 5,900
2006 205,800 142,500 6,100
2007 200,700 142,200 6,000
2008 187,100 137,900 5,500
2009 171,000 125,600 5,200
2010 163,800 113,900 5,100

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Between 2006 and 2010, the relative decline in cases involving detention was greater for Asian youth (down 24%), then for white youth or black youth (down 20% each), and American Indian youth (down 17%).
  • In 2010, youth were detained at some point between referral to court and case disposition in 25% of delinquency cases involving black youth, 24% for American Indian youth, 21% for Asian youth, and 19% for white youth.
  • In 2010, white youth accounted for the largest proportion of delinquency cases involving detention (57%). By comparison, black youth accounted for 40%, while American Indian youth and Asian youth accounted for 2% and 1%, respectively, of delinquency cases involving detention.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/qa06304.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on April 17, 2013.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2009/i> (forthcoming). Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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