U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Serving Children, Families, and Communities

National Disproportionate Minority Contact Databook

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Display values as: Counts | Rates | RELATIVE RATES (RRI)

Relative Rate Indices1 of Juvenile Arrest for Delinquency Offenses

Year Minority Black AIAN* AHPI**

1990 1.7 2.0 1.0 0.4
1991 1.7 2.1 1.0 0.5
1992 1.8 2.2 1.0 0.5
1993 1.9 2.2 1.1 0.5
1994 1.8 2.2 1.1 0.5
1995 1.8 2.2 1.1 0.5
1996 1.6 2.0 1.1 0.5
1997 1.6 1.9 1.1 0.4
1998 1.5 1.9 1.0 0.4
1999 1.5 1.8 1.0 0.4
2000 1.5 1.8 0.9 0.4
2001 1.5 1.9 0.9 0.3
2002 1.4 1.8 0.9 0.4
2003 1.5 1.8 0.9 0.4
2004 1.5 1.9 0.9 0.3
2005 1.6 2.0 0.9 0.3
2006 1.6 2.0 0.8 0.3
2007 1.6 2.0 0.8 0.3
2008 1.6 2.1 0.8 0.3
2009 1.6 2.1 0.8 0.3
2010 1.6 2.1 0.8 0.3

1 All RRI's are relative to whites.
* AIAN: American Indian or Alaskan Native.
** AHPI: Asian, Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
Summary

The minority RRI for the arrest decision in delinquency offense cases increased between 1990 and 1993 and then fell, reaching a low point in 2002. The RRI then increased to 1.6 in 2005, a level that would remain stable through 2010. The overall pattern indicates a small decline between the mid-1990s and 2010 in the degree of racial disparity at this decision point. The delinquency arrest rates for white youth and minority youth both increased through the mid-1990s and then declined. The relative decline in the minority arrest rate was greater than the white arrest rate, resulting in an overall drop in the RRI during this period. This overall minority pattern generally reflects that of black juveniles. The RRI for AIAN juveniles show there to be little, if any, racial disparity for them at arrest compared with white juveniles while the RRI for AHPI juveniles indicate they were far less likely to be arrested than were white juveniles.

Suggested Citation: Puzzanchera, C. and Hockenberry, S. (2013). National Disproportionate Minority Contact Databook. Developed by the National Center for Juvenile Justice for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/dmcdb/

Developed and maintained by the National Center for Juvenile Justice, with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.