1 All RRI's are relative to whites.
* AIAN: American Indian or Alaskan Native.
** AHPI: Asian, Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
The minority RRI for the court referral decision in delinquency offense cases remained essentially constant and near 1.0 between 1990 and 2009, with a slight increase in the latter years. In general, this pattern indicates that the level of racial disparity at the point of court referral was relatively low and stable most of this time period. This overall minority pattern generally reflects that of black and AHPI juveniles. In contrast, the RRI that compares AIAN with white juveniles shows a greater level of disparity in the early 1990s; however, by 2009, the court referral RRI for AIAN youth was similar to that of the other racial minorities.