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Relative Rate Indices1 of Diversion of Delinquency Referrals

Year Minority Black AIAN* AHPI**

1990 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.4
1991 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.3
1992 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.1
1993 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.1
1994 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0
1995 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.2
1996 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1
1997 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
1998 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
1999 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
2000 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
2001 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
2002 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.8
2003 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
2004 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
2005 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
2006 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
2007 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
2008 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
2009 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
2010 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9

1 All RRI's are relative to whites.
* AIAN: American Indian or Alaskan Native.
** AHPI: Asian, Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
Summary

The minority RRI for the diversion decision in delinquency offense cases was below 1.0 and relatively stable between 1990 and 2010. This pattern was generally found in the RRIs for each racial minority, with the set of RRIs for black juveniles being consistently lower than those in the other two minority groups. This means that a white juvenile being processed for a delinquency offense was more likely than a minority (and especially black) juvenile to be diverted from the juvenile justice system in the early stages of system processing.