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Juveniles as Offenders
Homicide
Q: What are the trends in homicides committed by juveniles involving firearms?
A: The national trend in murders by known juvenile offenders reflected the growth and subsequent decline in homicides committed with firearms.

Known juvenile homicide offenders by firearm involvement, 1980-2011

Year Firearm No firearm

1980 833 627
1981 825 585
1982 655 580
1983 570 529
1984 543 426
1985 663 462
1986 779 556
1987 820 528
1988 1,057 565
1989 1,320 484
1990 1,629 605
1991 1,856 601
1992 1,936 533
1993 2,204 571
1994 2,271 547
1995 1,820 522
1996 1,460 560
1997 1,275 435
1998 975 437
1999 780 387
2000 692 319
2001 615 376
2002 636 335
2003 640 289
2004 629 352
2005 754 320
2006 916 359
2007 923 334
2008 771 333
2009 696 337
2010 647 279
2011 565 247

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Between 1984 and 1994, the number of firearm related homicides committed by known juvenile offenders quadrupled.
  • The sharp decline in homicides by known juvenile offenders between 1994 and 2002 was attributable entirely to a decline in homicides by firearm.
  • Between 2002 and 2011, the number of nonfirearm-related homicides committed by known juvenile offenders was relatively stable. However, murders by juveniles with firearms increased about 45% between 2002 and 2007, before declining 39% through 2011. In the mid 1990s, about 80% of known juvenile homicide offenders were involved in firearm-related homicides; this percentage fell to 62% in 2001 then rose to 70% by 2011.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03103.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on August 05, 2013.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. and Kang, W. (2013). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports: 1980-2011. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

 

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