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Juveniles as Offenders
Homicide
Q: How many murders are committed by juvenile offenders in the United States?
A: Known juvenile offenders were involved in at least 680 murders in the U.S. in 2011, representing about 7% of all known murder offenders.

Estimated number of homicide victims of juvenile offenders, 1980-2011

Year Only one juvenile Juveniles only Juvenile & adults

1980 867 115 293
1981 807 111 319
1982 651 106 297
1983 665 88 231
1984 551 91 179
1985 644 83 247
1986 755 104 285
1987 775 104 279
1988 876 153 361
1989 993 160 398
1990 1,090 217 564
1991 1,203 196 648
1992 1,269 227 546
1993 1,359 281 632
1994 1,335 273 712
1995 1,113 207 619
1996 940 181 537
1997 811 164 435
1998 699 117 379
1999 610 93 332
2000 507 92 276
2001 467 71 326
2002 432 78 325
2003 447 78 276
2004 451 82 286
2005 470 88 344
2006 528 107 425
2007 543 94 410
2008 461 88 371
2009 435 76 350
2010 362 71 326
2011 339 53 288

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Between 1994 and 2003, the estimated number of murders involving a juvenile offender fell 65%, to its lowest level since at least 1980. However, between 2003 and 2006, the estimated number of juvenile murder offenders increased 38%, then fell 36% through 2011 As a result, the number of known juvenile homicide offenders in 2011 was at the lowest level of the 32-year period.
  • In the 1980s, 25% of the murders involving a juvenile offender also involved an adult offender. This proportion grew to 31% in the 1990s and averaged 39% during the last 10 years.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03105.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on August 05, 2013.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

 

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