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Juveniles as Offenders
Other Violent Crime
Q: What are the trends in serious violent crime offending by juveniles?
A: The rate at which juveniles committed serious violent crimes changed little between 1973 and 1989, peaked in 1993, then declined to the lowest level since 1986.

Victimizations by juveniles per 100,000 persons ages 10-17, 1973-1997

Year Serious
violent
crime
Robbery Aggravated
assault

1973 3,081.0 1,206.8 1,683.3
1974 2,947.5 1,272.2 1,537.3
1975 2,706.8 1,165.5 1,419.6
1976 2,880.1 1,171.1 1,604.9
1977 2,876.5 1,084.6 1,657.4
1978 2,884.8 1,085.2 1,563.1
1979 2,934.8 1,163.6 1,558.4
1980 2,992.6 1,147.5 1,699.9
1981 3,230.8 1,428.5 1,608.5
1982 2,751.2 1,196.6 1,397.9
1983 2,932.5 1,275.7 1,530.2
1984 2,946.9 1,258.4 1,489.4
1985 2,613.7 998.4 1,502.8
1986 2,520.4 1,028.9 1,432.0
1987 2,800.0 843.2 1,733.7
1988 2,982.6 1,134.5 1,778.4
1989 2,973.7 1,061.9 1,783.3
1990 3,289.1 1,237.6 1,895.3
1991 3,514.6 1,235.6 2,199.9
1992 3,707.4 1,515.2 2,027.4
1993 4,262.2 1,545.5 2,549.9
1994 4,101.9 1,425.4 2,579.0
1995 3,030.6 1,186.7 1,731.8
1996 3,037.5 1,261.4 1,706.3
1997 2,696.1 923.6 1,685.7

Note: Serious violent crime includes incidents involving rape and other sexual assaults, robbery, and aggravated assault. Data are collected through personal interviews with persons ages 12 and older; thus, murder is not included for obvious reasons. Data collected prior to 1992 were adjusted to be consistent with newer data collection procedures.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • The Bureau of Justice Statistics' National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) asks a nationally representative sample of persons ages 12 and older about violent crimes in which they were the victim. Since 1973, the NCVS has been a national barometer of crime trends.
  • Serious violent victimizations in the U.S. peaked in 1993 at 4.2 million, the highest level since the NCVS began in 1973. Between 1993 and 1997, the number of these victimizations dropped by 27%—to 3 million, the lowest level since the NCVS began.
  • The rate at which juveniles committed aggravated assaults declined 33% between 1994 and 1995 and remained relatively stable thereafter.
  • The rate of robberies by juveniles rose in 1981 and 1993, but by 1997, had dropped below the rates seen in the 1970's.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03201.asp?qaDate=19990930. Released on September 30, 1999.

Adapted from Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report, p. 62. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 1999.

Data Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1973–1997 National Crime Victimization Survey data [Web site data files]. Washington, D.C.: BJS, 1998.

 

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