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Juveniles as Offenders
Time of Day
Q: When are juveniles most likely to commit violent crime which involves the use of a firearm?
A: Overall, juveniles are most likely to commit a crime with a firearm between 7 p.m. and 11 p.m.

Violent crime with firearm time-of-day profiles
(Offenders per 1,000 juvenile violent crime offenders)

  Juvenile offenders 
Time School Nonschool

6AM 2.1 4.1
7AM 4.7 2.2
8AM 5.7 4.7
9AM 7.5 5.3
10AM 8.4 6.8
11AM 9.6 10.9
12PM 12.3 14.1
1PM 13.6 17.0
2PM 18.6 17.3
3PM 30.9 20.3
4PM 31.0 23.4
5PM 27.4 26.3
6PM 34.3 26.7
7PM 46.7 37.7
8PM 57.4 36.5
9PM 45.8 42.7
10PM 38.5 55.9
11PM 31.9 46.9
12AM 22.8 38.0
1AM 13.7 29.1
2AM 8.5 21.8
3AM 4.5 14.1
4AM 2.6 10.5
5AM 3.6 5.4
6AM 2.1 4.1

Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. Data are from law enforcement agencies in 35 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Violent crime involving the use of a firearm follows similar time patterns on school and nonschool days for juvenile offenders—increasing throughout the day and peaking between 8 p.m. and 10 p.m.
  • On school days, juvenile violent crime involving the use of a firearm begins to drop off considerably after 8 p.m., while on nonschool days high levels of juvenile violent offending with firearms extends through 10 p.m. before dropping.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03303.asp?qaDate=2008. Released on December 21, 2010.

Adapted from Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report, Chapter 3. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Data Source: National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. National Incident-Based Reporting System, 2008: Extract Files [Computer file]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-08-13.


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