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Juveniles as Offenders
Comparing Adult & Juvenile Offenders
Q: What time of day are adults and juveniles most likely to commit violent crimes?
A: Unlike violent crime by adult offenders, violent crime by juvenile offenders peaks in the late afternoon.

Violent crime time-of-day profile by offender age
(Offenders per 1,000 violent crime offenders in age group)

    Violent crime   
Time Under 18 18 & older

6AM 7.0 12.9
7AM 25.0 15.2
8AM 38.2 21.1
9AM 32.5 23.5
10AM 38.3 28.7
11AM 48.9 31.8
12PM 60.5 37.2
1PM 55.9 35.1
2PM 77.6 38.1
3PM 95.2 43.5
4PM 71.2 47.1
5PM 61.1 51.0
6PM 60.8 55.0
7PM 62.1 58.5
8PM 62.3 63.6
9PM 54.7 67.3
10PM 44.3 67.9
11PM 31.7 64.0
12AM 24.5 61.5
1AM 17.3 59.0
2AM 12.3 50.3
3AM 9.0 33.0
4AM 5.4 20.7
5AM 4.2 14.0
6AM 7.0 12.9

Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. Data are from law enforcement agencies in 35 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • In general, the number of violent crimes committed by adults increases hourly from 6 a.m. through the afternoon and evening hours, peaks at 10 p.m., and then drops to a low point at 6 a.m. In contrast, violent crimes by juveniles peak in the afternoon between 3 p.m. and 4 p.m., the hour at the end of the school day.
  • Nearly one-third (29%) of all violent crime committed by juvenile offenders occurs between 3 p.m. and 7 p.m. In comparison, 26% of all violent committed by adult offenders occurs between 8 p.m. and 12 p.m.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03401.asp?qaDate=2008. Released on December 21, 2010.

Adapted from Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report, Chapter 3. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Data Source: National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. National Incident-Based Reporting System, 2008: Extract Files [Computer file]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-08-13.


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