U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Working for Youth Justice and Safety
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Overview
Related FAQs
Related Publications
Related Links
Data Analysis Tools
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Printer-priendlyPrinter-friendly
Juveniles as Offenders
Comparing Adult & Juvenile Offenders
Q: Does the time of day for violent crime offending by adults and juveniles vary by the type of offense committed?
A: The temporal patterns for robbery, aggravated assault, and sexual assault vary for juvenile and adult offenders.

Violent crime time-of-day profile by offender age and offense
(Offenders per 1,000 offenders in each age-offense category)

 
    Robbery    
 Aggravated assault         
  Sexual assault  
Time Under 18 18 & older   Under 18 18 & older     Under 18 18 & older

6AM 6.9   13.4   5.2   13.0       10.2   17.4  
7AM 8.8   11.7   17.5   13.9       25.6   18.7  
8AM 11.1   15.0   24.1   18.7       68.7   48.1  
9AM 12.1   19.0   26.3   20.2       51.0   38.4  
10AM 17.8   25.9   27.9   25.0       55.0   40.7  
11AM 25.7   26.9   36.2   28.4       51.7   37.4  
12PM 32.7   31.3   44.4   33.7       86.9   64.4  
1PM 33.9   33.2   46.9   33.4       61.8   40.9  
2PM 48.3   34.4   62.3   35.7       71.0   44.0  
3PM 61.2   39.0   87.4   43.0       78.9   49.2  
4PM 60.7   39.0   76.9   46.5       65.0   46.8  
5PM 60.3   41.3   69.0   49.9       55.0   43.8  
6PM 67.9   47.8   66.1   54.0       46.4   45.5  
7PM 79.7   58.8   73.8   57.6       43.5   38.3  
8PM 92.2   69.6   68.1   63.2       42.4   45.9  
9PM 87.5   81.3   64.5   66.1       39.1   47.8  
10PM 83.1   86.6   57.6   68.8       33.6   49.6  
11PM 65.1   74.7   41.2   65.8       27.8   51.1  
12AM 50.7   65.8   33.9   66.3       24.3   51.4  
1AM 36.4   56.9   26.7   66.8       20.8   51.8  
2AM 22.9   50.2   19.6   57.2       15.0   45.4  
3AM 16.4   36.3   12.3   36.3       13.5   38.9  
4AM 9.8   24.8   7.4   21.9       7.2   25.0  
5AM 8.8   17.3   4.7   14.5       5.5   19.4  
6AM 6.9   13.4   5.2   13.0       10.2   17.4  

Note: Data are from law enforcement agencies in 35 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Analyses of the FBI National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) data for recent years indicate that robbery and aggravated assault incidents peak in the late evening hours for adults while sexual assault incidents peak around noon and again in the late evening.
  • Aggravated assaults by juvenile offenders are most common around 3 p.m. and sexual assaults by juveniles are most common at 8 a.m., noon, and 3 p.m.
  • Unlike the other violent crimes, the daily timing of robberies by juvenile offenders is similar to adult patterns, peaking in the late evening hours.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03402.asp?qaDate=2008. Released on December 21, 2010.

Adapted from Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report, Chapter 3. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Data Source: National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. National Incident-Based Reporting System, 2008: Extract Files [Computer file]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-08-13.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice