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Juveniles as Offenders
Comparing Adult & Juvenile Offenders
Q: Does the time of day for violent crime with a firearm vary for adults and juveniles?
A: The time patterns of violent crime involving the use of a firearm are similar for juvenile and adult offenders.

Time of day profiles for violent crimes committed with a firearm
(Offenders per 1,000 violent crime offenders in age group)

  Juvenile offenders 
Time Under 18 18 & older

6AM 6.2 12.5
7AM 6.9 10.2
8AM 10.4 15.5
9AM 12.8 16.9
10AM 15.2 25.0
11AM 20.5 26.6
12PM 26.4 31.7
1PM 30.6 31.9
2PM 35.9 34.0
3PM 51.2 38.5
4PM 54.4 39.8
5PM 53.7 43.4
6PM 61.0 48.0
7PM 84.4 59.5
8PM 94.0 71.8
9PM 88.6 81.3
10PM 94.3 85.1
11PM 78.8 76.4
12AM 60.8 67.9
1AM 42.7 59.4
2AM 30.3 50.5
3AM 18.6 35.8
4AM 13.1 23.4
5AM 9.0 14.9
6AM 6.2 12.5

Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. Data are from law enforcement agencies in 35 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Juvenile and adult offenders are most likely to commit a violent crime with a firearm between 9 p.m. and 11 p.m.
  • Over one-quarter (28%) of all violent crime committed by juvenile offenders involving the use of a firearm occurs between 8 p.m. and 11 p.m. For adult offenders, 25% of violent crimes involving the use of a firearm occur between 9 p.m. and 12 p.m.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03403.asp?qaDate=2008. Released on December 21, 2010.

Adapted from Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report, Chapter 3. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Data Source: National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. National Incident-Based Reporting System, 2008: Extract Files [Computer file]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-08-13.


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