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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juvenile Population
Q: Within States, how do juvenile populations vary by race?
A: While race/ethnicity profiles vary considerably across states, white, non-Hispanic youth account for the largest share of the youth population in 46 states.

Juvenile (0-17) population proportions by race/ethnicity and State, 2013

State
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic
White Black American
Indian
Asian
United States
54%
15%
1%
5%
24%
Alabama
60
31
1
1
7
Alaska
57
6
21
8
9
Arizona
43
5
5
3
43
Arkansas
66
20
1
2
11
California
29
6
1
12
52
Colorado
59
5
1
4
31
Connecticut
60
12
0
5
22
Delaware
54
27
0
4
14
District of Columbia
22
61
0
3
14
Florida
46
22
0
3
29
Georgia
47
35
0
4
14
Hawaii
21
3
0
59
17
Idaho
78
2
1
2
18
Illinois
54
17
0
5
24
Indiana
75
13
0
2
10
Iowa
82
6
0
2
9
Kansas
70
8
1
3
18
Kentucky
82
11
0
2
5
Louisiana
53
39
1
2
6
Maine
91
3
1
2
3
Maryland
47
33
0
7
13
Massachusetts
68
9
0
7
16
Michigan
70
18
1
3
8
Minnesota
74
10
2
6
8
Mississippi
50
44
1
1
4
Missouri
76
15
1
2
6
Montana
82
2
10
1
6
Nebraska
73
7
1
2
16
Nevada
41
10
1
8
40
New Hampshire
89
2
0
3
5
New Jersey
51
15
0
10
24
New Mexico
27
2
11
1
59
New York
51
17
0
8
24
North Carolina
56
25
1
3
15
North Dakota
82
3
9
1
5
Ohio
75
17
0
2
5
Oklahoma
59
11
12
2
15
Oregon
68
3
2
5
22
Pennsylvania
71
14
0
4
10
Rhode Island
64
9
1
4
23
South Carolina
57
33
0
2
8
South Dakota
76
3
14
1
5
Tennessee
68
21
0
2
8
Texas
34
12
0
4
49
Utah
77
2
1
3
17
Vermont
92
3
1
2
2
Virginia
58
22
0
7
12
Washington
63
6
2
9
20
West Virginia
92
5
0
1
2
Wisconsin
74
10
1
4
11
Wyoming
80
2
3
1
14
Detail may not total 100% due to rounding.

[ Excel file ]

  • In 2013, at least 9 of every 10 juveniles in Maine, Vermont, and West Virginia were non-Hispanic and white.
  • In contrast, New Mexico's juvenile population was 59% Hispanic. Other states with large Hispanic juvenile populations include California (52%), Texas (49%), Arizona (43%), Nevada (40%), and Colorado (31%). In 2013, more than half (53%) of all Hispanic juveniles lived in California, Texas, and Florida.
  • The states with the greatest proportions of non-Hispanic black juveniles in their populations in 2013 were Mississippi (44%), Louisiana (39%), Georgia (35%), Maryland (33%), South Carolina (33%), and Alabama (31%). Black youth accounted for 61% of the juvenile population in the District of Columbia.
  • In 2013, 5 states had juvenile populations with at least 10% American Indians or Alaska Natives. These states were Alaska (21%), South Dakota (14%), Oklahoma (12%), New Mexico (11%), and Montana (10%).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01103.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on August 01, 2014.

Data Source: Puzzanchera, C., Sladky, A. and Kang, W. (2014). Easy Access to Juvenile Populations. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezapop/. Retrieved July 2014.

 

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