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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Poverty
Q: How has the proportion of juveniles living in poverty changed since the 1970's?
A: In 2011, the proportion of juveniles living below the poverty level was at its highest point since the early 1990s.
Percent in poverty by age, 1975-2011

[ Text only ]  [ Excel file ]

  • In 2011, 15% of all persons lived at or below their poverty thresholds. This proportion was far greater for persons under age 18 (22%) than for those ages 18-64 (14%) and those above age 64 (9%).
  • Since 2006, the juvenile poverty rate increased 4.5 percentage points while the rate for persons ages 18 to 64 increased 2.9 percentage points.
  • In the mid-1970s, the proportions of juveniles and senior citizens living in poverty were about the same. In the last quarter of the 20th century, the proportion of senior citizens in poverty declined, while the juvenile poverty rate increased before falling back at the end of the century to levels of the mid-1970s.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01401.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on December 17, 2012.

Data Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Current Population Survey - Historical Poverty Tables. Table 3: "Poverty Status of People, by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1959 to 2011." [Internet release date: September 13, 2012 ]. Web-based data files available at: [http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/historical/people.html].

 

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