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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Poverty
Q: Does the proportion of juveniles living in poverty vary by State?
A: In 2011, the proportion of juveniles in poverty ranged from a low of 9% in New Hampshire to a high of 35% in the District of Columbia.

Proportion of persons living in poverty by State, 2011

State All ages Ages 0-17 Ages 18-64 Over 64

United States 15.0% 21.9% 13.7% 8.7%
 
Alabama 15.4% 22.6% 14.0% 8.3%
Alaska 11.7% 16.8% 10.0% (B)
Arizona 17.2% 25.2% 16.2% 7.3%
Arkansas 18.7% 25.9% 17.9% 11.3%
California 16.9% 24.3% 15.6% 8.2%

Colorado 13.2% 16.1% 13.2% 7.3%
Connecticut 10.1% 14.5% 9.2% 7.0%
Delaware 13.6% 22.5% 11.9% 7.5%
District of Columbia 19.9% 34.9% 16.9% 16.9%
Florida 14.9% 22.4% 13.9% 9.4%

Georgia 18.4% 24.8% 17.4% 8.4%
Hawaii 12.1% 16.3% 11.7% 7.2%
Idaho 15.8% 23.0% 14.1% 8.6%
Illinois 14.2% 20.1% 13.3% 8.1%
Indiana 15.6% 24.0% 14.2% 6.8%

Iowa 10.4% 14.0% 10.0% 6.2%
Kansas 14.3% 22.0% 12.8% 7.1%
Kentucky 16.0% 24.0% 14.6% 9.0%
Louisiana 21.1% 31.0% 18.5% 14.6%
Maine 13.4% 18.4% 13.2% 8.4%

Maryland 9.2% 11.5% 8.8% 7.2%
Massachusetts 10.6% 13.6% 9.9% 9.0%
Michigan 15.0% 23.2% 13.4% 8.0%
Minnesota 10.0% 13.8% 9.3% 6.7%
Mississippi 17.4% 24.7% 16.0% 9.7%

Missouri 15.4% 23.9% 14.1% 6.9%
Montana 16.5% 25.6% 15.8% 7.9%
Nebraska 10.3% 14.9% 9.3% 5.4%
Nevada 15.4% 20.6% 14.8% 9.3%
New Hampshire 7.6% 9.3% 7.8% 4.4%

New Jersey 11.4% 18.0% 10.4% 5.4%
New Mexico 22.1% 31.8% 21.4% 9.7%
New York 16.0% 23.2% 14.4% 11.5%
North Carolina 15.4% 24.1% 13.1% 10.2%
North Dakota 9.9% 12.4% 9.7% 6.7%

Ohio 15.1% 21.7% 14.1% 8.9%
Oklahoma 13.9% 21.5% 12.5% 7.0%
Oregon 14.4% 21.8% 13.8% 5.3%
Pennsylvania 12.6% 17.5% 12.0% 8.9%
Rhode Island 13.4% 18.1% 13.2% 7.5%

South Carolina 19.0% 27.2% 17.0% 14.4%
South Dakota 14.5% 22.8% 13.3% 6.1%
Tennessee 16.3% 24.0% 14.3% 12.1%
Texas 17.4% 25.8% 14.9% 11.2%
Utah 11.0% 14.5% 9.6% 8.1%

Vermont 11.5% 18.2% 10.2% 8.6%
Virginia 11.4% 14.6% 10.6% 9.5%
Washington 12.5% 19.2% 11.4% 5.5%
West Virginia 17.5% 25.1% 17.2% 6.9%
Wisconsin 13.1% 21.4% 12.0% 4.1%
Wyoming 10.7% 12.5% 10.8% (B)

(B): The percentage has been suppressed because it is statistically unreliable. Percentages are not shown when the denominator is less than 75 thousand.
 [ Excel file ]

  • According to 2011 estimates, the proportion of juveniles (ages 0 to 17) in poverty (21.9%) was greater than the proportion of all persons in poverty (15.0%). And a greater of proportion of juveniles lived in poverty than persons ages 18 to 64 (13.7%) and persons over age 64 (8.7%).
  • Nationally, the estimated number of juveniles living in poverty in 2011 was 34% above the number in 2002 and at its highest level since at least 1975.
  • In 2011, the proportion of juveniles living in poverty exceeded the national average in 24 states and the District of Columbia.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01403.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on December 17, 2012.

Adapted from the U.S. Bureau of the Census'. Current Population Survey (CPS) Table Creator. Retrieved on September 13, 2012 from: [http://www.census.gov/cps/data/cpstablecreator.html].

 

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