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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Poverty
Q: Does the proportion of juveniles living in poverty vary by State?
A: In 2011, the proportion of juveniles in poverty ranged from a low of 9% in New Hampshire to a high of 35% in the District of Columbia.

Proportion of persons living in poverty by State, 2011

State All ages Ages 0-17 Ages 18-64 Over 64
United States
15.0%
21.9%
13.7%
8.7%
Alabama
15.4
22.6
14.0
8.3
Alaska
11.7
16.8
10.0
(B)
Arizona
17.2
25.2
16.2
7.3
Arkansas
18.7
25.9
17.9
11.3
California
16.9
24.3
15.6
8.2
Colorado
13.2
16.1
13.2
7.3
Connecticut
10.1
14.5
9.2
7.0
Delaware
13.6
22.5
11.9
7.5
District of Columbia
19.9
34.9
16.9
16.9
Florida
14.9
22.4
13.9
9.4
Georgia
18.4
24.8
17.4
8.4
Hawaii
12.1
16.3
11.7
7.2
Idaho
15.8
23.0
14.1
8.6
Illinois
14.2
20.1
13.3
8.1
Indiana
15.6
24.0
14.2
6.8
Iowa
10.4
14.0
10.0
6.2
Kansas
14.3
22.0
12.8
7.1
Kentucky
16.0
24.0
14.6
9.0
Louisiana
21.1
31.0
18.5
14.6
Maine
13.4
18.4
13.2
8.4
Maryland
9.2
11.5
8.8
7.2
Massachusetts
10.6
13.6
9.9
9.0
Michigan
15.0
23.2
13.4
8.0
Minnesota
10.0
13.8
9.3
6.7
Mississippi
17.4
24.7
16.0
9.7
Missouri
15.4
23.9
14.1
6.9
Montana
16.5
25.6
15.8
7.9
Nebraska
10.3
14.9
9.3
5.4
Nevada
15.4
20.6
14.8
9.3
New Hampshire
7.6
9.3
7.8
4.4
New Jersey
11.4
18.0
10.4
5.4
New Mexico
22.1
31.8
21.4
9.7
New York
16.0
23.2
14.4
11.5
North Carolina
15.4
24.1
13.1
10.2
North Dakota
9.9
12.4
9.7
6.7
Ohio
15.1
21.7
14.1
8.9
Oklahoma
13.9
21.5
12.5
7.0
Oregon
14.4
21.8
13.8
5.3
Pennsylvania
12.6
17.5
12.0
8.9
Rhode Island
13.4
18.1
13.2
7.5
South Carolina
19.0
27.2
17.0
14.4
South Dakota
14.5
22.8
13.3
6.1
Tennessee
16.3
24.0
14.3
12.1
Texas
17.4
25.8
14.9
11.2
Utah
11.0
14.5
9.6
8.1
Vermont
11.5
18.2
10.2
8.6
Virginia
11.4
14.6
10.6
9.5
Washington
12.5
19.2
11.4
5.5
West Virginia
17.5
25.1
17.2
6.9
Wisconsin
13.1
21.4
12.0
4.1
Wyoming
10.7
12.5
10.8
(B)
(B): The percentage has been suppressed because it is statistically unreliable. Percentages are not shown when the denominator is less than 75 thousand.

[ Map of juvenile proportion ]  [ Excel file ]

  • According to 2011 estimates, the proportion of juveniles (ages 0 to 17) in poverty (21.9%) was greater than the proportion of all persons in poverty (15.0%). And a greater of proportion of juveniles lived in poverty than persons ages 18 to 64 (13.7%) and persons over age 64 (8.7%).
  • Nationally, the estimated number of juveniles living in poverty in 2011 was 34% above the number in 2002 and at its highest level since at least 1975.
  • In 2011, the proportion of juveniles living in poverty exceeded the national average in 24 states and the District of Columbia.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01403.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on December 17, 2012.

Adapted from the U.S. Bureau of the Census'. Current Population Survey (CPS) Table Creator. Retrieved on September 13, 2012 from: [http://www.census.gov/cps/data/cpstablecreator.html].

 

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