U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Working for Youth Justice and Safety
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question
Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Overview
Related FAQs
Related Publications
Related Links
Case Flow Diagram
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process

Related FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) provide the latest answers to commonly asked questions about Juvenile Justice System Structure and Process. Here you will find information on the jurisdictional boundaries for delinquent and status offenders, the organization and administration of delinquency services, and state provisions for trying certain juveniles as adults in criminal court.

Jurisdictional Boundaries

  • What is a "juvenile"? [Answer] updated icon
  • What are the upper and lower ages of delinquency and status offense jurisdiction? [Answer] updated icon
  • Do juvenile courts lose jurisdiction over juvenile offenders when they turn 18? [Answer]
  • What types of violations constitute a status offense in each state? [Answer] updated icon
  • How are status offenders classified in each state? [Answer]
  • Are delinquency cases and status offenses handled by the same court? [Answer] updated icon
  • Are delinquency hearings confidential? [Answer]
  • Are emancipated juveniles tried in the adult criminal justice system? [Answer]

Organization & Administration of Delinquency Services

  • How do states define the purpose of their juvenile courts? [Answer]
  • Which states centralize delinquency services (community supervision, aftercare, and public commitment) at the state level? [Answer]
  • What type of agency administers detention services? [Answer]
  • What type of agency administers community supervision (probation)? [Answer]
  • What type of agency controls the operation of state commitment facilities? [Answer]
  • What type of agency administers aftercare services? [Answer]
  • Are adjudicated juvenile offenders ever committed to public detention centers? [Answer] updated icon
  • What are the most commonly used residential placement options for committed youth? [Answer] updated icon
  • Are parents or guardians required to financially support the institutionalization of their delinquent children? [Answer]
  • How do states vary in the circumstances under which juvenile records can be unsealed? [Answer]

JJDPA Core Requirements

  • What are the core requirements of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA)? [Answer] new icon
  • How has the JJDPA changed since it was enacted in 1974? [Answer] new icon
  • How do state statutes align with the JJDPA core requirement of sight and sound separation? [Answer] new icon
  • How do state statutes align with the JJDPA core requirement of removal of juveniles from adult jails? [Answer] new icon
  • How do states coordinate efforts to address disproportionate minority contact (DMC)? [Answer] updated icon
  • How much Title II Formula Grant funding have states received? [Answer] updated icon

Juveniles Tried as Adults

  • Are transfer (waiver) laws the only laws that enable states to impose adult sanctions on juvenile offenders? [Answer]
  • How do judicial waiver criteria vary by state? [Answer]
  • How do concurrent jurisdiction (prosecutorial discretion) provisions vary by state? [Answer]
  • How do statutory exclusion provisions vary by state? [Answer]
  • How do juvenile court blended sentencing provisions vary by state? [Answer]
  • What is the youngest age that a juvenile can be transferred to criminal court for trial as an adult? [Answer]
  • Have states made it easier for juveniles to be tried as adults in criminal court? [Answer]
State Training and Technical Assistance Center Many of the FAQs presented here were developed for the State Training and Technical Assistance Center by the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ), with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice