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Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process
Jurisdictional Boundaries
Q: How are status offenders classified in each state?
A: States use many different terms to label status offenders, including child(ren) in need of services, unruly child, and status offender.

Status offender classification, 2012
(Click on the state name for additional information)

State Status
Offender
CHINS* FINS* Unruly
Child
Delinquent Dependent PINS* Other

Number of states 12 14 3 4 1 1 1 17

Alabama X
Alaska X
Arizona X

Arkansas X
California
Colorado X

Connecticut X
Delaware X
District of Columbia X

Florida X
Georgia X X
Hawaii X

Idaho X
Illinois X
Indiana** X

Iowa X
Kansas X
Kentucky X

Louisiana X
Maine X
Maryland X

Massachusetts X
Michigan X
Minnesota X

Mississippi X
Missouri X
Montana X

Nebraska X
Nevada X
New Hampshire X

New Jersey X
New Mexico X X
New York X

North Carolina X
North Dakota X
Ohio X

Oklahoma X
Oregon X
Pennsylvania*** X

Rhode Island X
South Carolina X
South Dakota X

Tennessee X
Texas X X
Utah X

Vermont X
Virginia X
Washington X

West Virginia X
Wisconsin X
Wyoming X

Notes: Table information is as of the end of the 2012 legislative session.
*CHINS: children in need of services; PINS: persons in need of supervision; FINS: families in need of services.

  • Most states have a single term for identifying a status offender, while Georgia (status offender and unruly child) and Texas (status offender and "other") use more than one term.
  • Indiana differentiates between delinquent children who commit acts that would be offenses if committed by adults and delinquent children who commit certain other acts and who need care, treatment or rehabilitation (status offenders).
  • In Pennsylvania, youth who commit a status offense are treated as dependent children, a category which also includes neglected and abandoned children.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04122.asp?qaDate=2012. Released on April 05, 2013.

Developed for the State Training and Technical Assistance Center by the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ), with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The following NCJJ staff contributed to this state profile: Sean Addie, Teri Deal, Anne Fromknecht, Hunter Hurst, Anne Rackow, Crystal Robson, Lauren Vessels, and Andrew Wachter.

 

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