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Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process
Organization & Administration of Delinquency Services
Q: What are the most commonly used residential placement options for committed youth?
A: Based on data from the 2010 Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP), on February 24, 2010 public long-term secure facilities, also referred to as training schools, were the most commonly used residential placement option for committed youth.

Public and Private Placement Options, 2010

State of Facility Youth
Committed
to Facilities
                                            Public                                                                       Private
Facilities
All Public
Facilities
Long-Term
Secure
Facility
Ranch/
Wilderness
Camp
Halfway
House or
Group Home
Other*

U.S. Total 48,427 61% 33% 3% 13% 12% 39%

Alabama 873 46  35  0  2  8  54 
Alaska 174 72  72  0  0  0  27 
Arizona 954 64  44  0  0  19  36 

Arkansas 582 22  0  0  0  22  78 
California 6,690 83  27  19  13  25  17 
Colorado 1,128 49  37  0  2  10  51 

Connecticut 120 70  70  0  0  0  30 
Delaware 114 100  82  0  18  0  0 
District of Columbia 75 72  68  0  4  0  28 

Florida 3,903 22  7  0  10  5  79 
Georgia 996 73  51  0  0  22  27 
Hawaii 90 87  87  0  0  0  13 

Idaho 390 80  58  0  0  22  20 
Illinois 1,518 86  0  0  80  6  14 
Indiana 1,512 62  45  0  1  15  38 

Iowa 774 20  20  0  0  0  80 
Kansas 519 78  62  8  0  8  22 
Kentucky 549 89  0  0  63  26  11 

Louisiana 687 64  54  0  4  6  36 
Maine 159 100  100  0  0  0  0 
Maryland 384 61  1  0  57  3  39 

Massachusetts 534 34  13  0  8  13  66 
Michigan 1,500 36  16  0  5  16  64 
Minnesota 819 51  24  4  9  14  49 

Mississippi 180 98  75  0  0  23  2 
Missouri 960 97  4  0  86  7  3 
Montana 126 76  67  0  7  0  24 

Nebraska 561 42  41  0  0  1  58 
Nevada 651 68  40  23  1  5  32 
New Hampshire 90 57  57  0  0  0  43 

New Jersey 636 93  53  0  33  6  7 
New Mexico 384 81  66  0  6  9  19 
New York 2,142 40  29  0  10  2  60 

North Carolina 513 87  79  0  2  6  13 
North Dakota 147 43  43  0  0  0  57 
Ohio 1,902 91  57  0  22  12  9 

Oklahoma 429 72  34  0  37  1  27 
Oregon 1,110 78  71  0  2  5  22 
Pennsylvania 4,050 13  9  1  1  2  87 

Rhode Island 201 49  49  0  0  0  51 
South Carolina 705 48  32  0  0  15  52 
South Dakota 378 38  26  0  9  4  62 

Tennessee 615 80  69  0  11  0  20 
Texas 3,423 86  59  0  10  17  14 
Utah 561 56  29  0  6  19  44 

Vermont 6 100  0  0  0  100  0 
Virginia 1,248 96  61  0  10  25  4 
Washington 924 95  43  0  32  21  5 

West Virginia 240 31  20  0  9  3  69 
Wisconsin 951 54  47  0  1  5  46 
Wyoming 255 41  41  0  0  0  59 

Notes: To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state level cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Percentages are based on unrounded counts.
*Includes detention centers, shelter facilities, reception/diagnostic centers, and boot camps.
"State of Facility" refers to where the juvenile is being held. Data reported in this table varies slightly from data presented in "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement" because state of offense is used there.

  • The Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP), which is conducted biennially, asks all juvenile residential facilities in the U.S. to describe each youth younger than 21 accused or adjudicated of one or more delinquency or status offenses and assigned a bed in the facility on a specific day. The census does not include federal facilities or those exclusively for drug or mental health treatment or for abused/neglected youth.
  • The CJRP provides one-day population counts of juvenile offenders in juvenile residential placement facilities. Such one-day counts provide a picture of the standing population in facilities. One-day counts are substantially different from annual admission and release data, which provide a measure of facility population flow.
  • Public facilities are operated by a local or state government agency. Private facilities are operated by a third party that has a contract with a local or state government agency. In most states, private facilities must be licensed by a state agency.
  • Most youth adjudicated delinquent and status offenders are committed to public facilities (61%).
  • Long-term secure facilities/training schools are reported in 46 states and the District of Columbia and are the most frequently used public placement option.
  • States vary in the proportion of juveniles committed to private facilities - ranging from 0% to 84%.
  • In three states (Delaware, Maine, Vermont), there were no private facilities that reported holding any youth adjudicated delinquent or status offenders on the Census reference date.
  • To access CJRP data, please visit Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04208.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on August 05, 2013.

Developed for the State Training and Technical Assistance Center by the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ), with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The following NCJJ staff contributed to this state profile: Sean Addie, Teri Deal, Anne Fromknecht, Hunter Hurst, Anne Rackow, Crystal Robson, Lauren Vessels, and Andrew Wachter.

 

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