In Iowa, being a chronic runaway (meaning a child who is reported to law enforcement as a runaway more than once in any 30-day period or 3 or more times in any year) is a status offense behavior. Families who are experiencing a breakdown in the family and have previously sought services can petition to be a family in need of assistance. The upper age for delinquency jurisdiction and status offense jurisdiction is 17. The lower age for delinquency jurisdiction and status offense jurisdiction is not specified.
The district court has jurisdiction over status offenders, while juvenile and district courts have jurisdiction over delinquents. A court may extend jurisdiction until a juvenile reaches 19.