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Juveniles as Victims
Child Maltreatment
Q: What are the different types of child maltreatment?
A: Child maltreatment occurs when a caretaker is responsible for, or permits, the abuse or neglect of a child. There are several different types of child maltreatment.
  • Physical abuse includes physical acts that caused or could have caused physical injury to the child.
  • Sexual abuse is involvement of the child in sexual activity to provide sexual gratification or financial benefit to the perpetrator, including contacts for sexual purposes, prostitution, pornography, or other sexually exploitative activities.
  • Emotional abuse is defined as acts or omissions that caused or could have caused conduct, cognitive, affective, or other mental disorders.
  • Physical neglect includes abandonment, expulsion from the home, failure to seek remedial health care or delay in seeking care, inadequate supervision, disregard for hazards in the home, or inadequate food, clothing, or shelter.
  • Emotional neglect includes inadequate nurturance or affection, permitting maladaptive behavior, and other inattention to emotional/development needs.
  • Educational neglect permitting chronic truancy or other inattention to educational needs.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02101.asp?qaDate=19990930. Released on September 30, 1999.

Adapted from Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report, p. 40. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 1999.

Data Source: National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect. The Third National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS–3). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1996.


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