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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: How many juveniles are victims of murder in the United States?
A: Between 1980 and 2011, an estimated 60,200 juveniles were murdered in the United States 1,380 in 2011.

Juvenile homicide victims, 1980-2011

Year Juvenile
offender
involved
Adult
offender
only
Offender
unknown

1980 294 1,089 430
1981 321 1,082 286
1982 240 1,106 341
1983 274 947 315
1984 240 934 289
1985 261 1,013 299
1986 322 1,054 343
1987 309 1,026 378
1988 358 1,132 448
1989 444 1,198 513
1990 481 1,212 602
1991 522 1,360 693
1992 539 1,308 715
1993 620 1,388 833
1994 635 1,285 743
1995 533 1,363 726
1996 478 1,276 650
1997 370 1,112 576
1998 319 1,111 497
1999 267 1,068 462
2000 220 1,010 351
2001 208 1,035 396
2002 185 1,036 351
2003 203 981 359
2004 205 960 400
2005 230 1,020 384
2006 241 1,059 484
2007 262 1,064 475
2008 241 1,055 434
2009 213 946 367
2010 165 947 334
2011 148 903 325

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Homicides of juveniles peaked in 1993 at about 2,840. The number of juvenile homicide victims in 2011 was 52% below the 1993 peak and at the lowest level of the 32-year period. Juveniles represented about 10% of all murder victims in 2011.
  • In 2011, 32% of murdered juveniles were female, 47% were black, and 47% were killed with a firearm. Of the juvenile murder victims with known offenders in 2011, 38% were killed by family members, 46% by acquaintances, and 15% by strangers.
  • Between 1980 through 2011, juvenile offenders participated in nearly 1 of every 4 homicides of juveniles in which the offenders were known to law enforcement. In about one-fifth of the juvenile homicides in which known juvenile offenders participated, adult offenders were also involved.
  • In 2010, the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (within the Centers for Disease Control) listed homicide as the fourth leading cause of death for children ages 1 through 11 and third for youth ages 12 to 17.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02304.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on August 05, 2013.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. and Kang, W. (2013). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports: 1980-2011. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, WISQARS (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) [accessed June 2013 from www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars].

 

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