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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Does juvenile homicide victimization vary by race?
A: Black youth accounted for about 16% of the juvenile population between 1980 and 2011, but were the victims in 47% of juvenile homicides during the 32-year period.
Juvenile homicide victims by race, 1980-2011

[ Text only ]  [ Excel file ]

  • In the early 1980s, the homicide rate for black juveniles was about 4 times the rate for white juveniles. This disparity increased so much that by 1993 the black rate was 6 times the white rate. The relatively greater decline in black juvenile homicides between 1993 and 2002 (down 52%, compared with a 36% decline for whites) dropped the disparity in black-to-white homicide rates back to 4-to-1. Since 2002, the ratio has stayed within a limited range (4.2 to 4.7).
  • Nearly half (49%) of juvenile murder victims in 2011 were black, 47% were white, and 3% were either American Indian or Asian.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02310.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on August 05, 2013.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. and Kang, W. (2013). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports: 1980-2011. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.


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