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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Does juvenile homicide victimization vary by sex?
A: Males account for the largest share of juvenile homicide victims, but the female proportion has grown since the mid 1990s.

Juvenile homicide victims by sex, 1980-2011

Year Male Female

1980 1,165 646
1981 1,045 645
1982 1,023 663
1983 966 570
1984 865 597
1985 977 596
1986 1,073 645
1987 1,083 629
1988 1,234 701
1989 1,453 699
1990 1,592 702
1991 1,835 738
1992 1,845 716
1993 2,042 797
1994 1,951 712
1995 1,873 749
1996 1,695 704
1997 1,441 616
1998 1,301 626
1999 1,181 616
2000 1,063 517
2001 1,091 546
2002 999 571
2003 1,042 497
2004 1,064 494
2005 1,150 479
2006 1,302 481
2007 1,244 556
2008 1,202 519
2009 1,031 495
2010 1,007 437
2011 934 438

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • In 2011, females accounted for 32% of all juvenile murder victims, down from 36% in 2002.
  • The large increase in juvenile homicides between 1984 and 1993 (up 94%) and the subsequent decline through 2002 (down 45%) were nearly all attributable to changes in homicides of male juveniles. Males accounted for 85% of the growth in juvenile homicide victims between 1984 and 1993 and 82% of the decline between 1993 and 2002.
  • The number of juvenile females murdered declined between 2002 and 2006 (down 16%). Despite an increase between 2006-2007, the number of juvenile female murder victims in 2011 was near its lowest level of the 32-year period. The annual number of juvenile males murdered increased 30% between 2002 and 2006, then declined 28% through 2011, reaching its lowest level of 32-year period.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02312.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on August 05, 2013.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. and Kang, W. (2013). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports: 1980-2011. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

 

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