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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Are juvenile violent offenders more likely to victimize strangers or people they know?
A: Juvenile violent victimizations of family members and acquaintances far outnumbered their victimizations of strangers. However, in robberies with juvenile offenders a majority of victims were strangers.

Distribution of violent crime victims by offender category, victim category, and victim relationship to offender

Offender Category
and Offense
                              Victim Category and Relationship to Offender                              
                    Juvenile                   
 
                        Adult                       
    All   
Family Acquaintance Stranger   Family Acquaintance Stranger  

Juvenile                
  Total 8 % 48 % 5 %   15 % 17 % 7 % 100 %
  Sexual assualt 27   66   3     1   3   1   100  
  Robbery 0   22   21     1   13   43   100  
  Aggravated assault 6   42   6     13   23   10   100  
  Simple assault 7   49   4     18   18   4   100  
                 
Adult                
  Total 6   7   1     29   45   11   100  
  Sexual assualt 25   36   3     5   24   6   100  
  Robbery 0   3   5     1   23   68   100  
  Aggravated assault 4   6   2     23   51   14   100  
  Simple assault 5   6   1     34   46   7   100  

Note: Detail may not total 100% because of rounding.

[ Excel file ]

  • About 1 in 8 violent crime victims of juvenile offenders (5% + 7%) and adult offenders (1% + 11%) was a stranger.
  • Almost half (48%) of the victims of juvenile crime were juveniles who were acquaintances of the offender.
  • Adult victims of juvenile sex offenders were much less likely to be strangers than were adult victims of adult sex offenders (1% vs 6%).
  • More than 1 in 4 victims of a juvenile or adult sex offender was a family member (27% + 1% for juvenile offenders, 25% + 5% for adults).
  • Two-thirds (68%) of the victims of adult robbers were adult strangers, compared with less than half (43%) of the adult victims of juvenile robbers.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02610.asp?qaDate=20050531. Released on May 31, 2005.

Adapted from McCurley, C., and Snyder, H. (2004). Victims of Violent Juvenile Crime. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2000). National Incident-Based Reporting System Master Files for the years 1997 and 1998 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.

 

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