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Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Program








The Juvenile Accountability Block Grant (JABG) Program is authorized under the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. 3796ee et esq). As envisioned by Congress, the goal of the JABG program is to reduce juvenile offending through supporting accountability-based programs that focus on offenders and state and local juvenile justice systems. The basic premise underlying the JABG program is that both the juvenile offender and the juvenile justice system must be held accountable. In implementing the program, OJJDP seeks to reduce juvenile offending through both offender-focused and system-focused activities that promote accountability. For the juvenile offender, accountability means an assurance of facing individualized consequences through which he or she is made aware of and held responsible for the loss, damage, or injury that the victim experiences. Such accountability is best achieved through a system of graduated sanctions imposed according to the nature and severity of the offense, moving from limited interventions to more restrictive actions if the offender continues delinquent activities. For the juvenile justice system, strengthening the system requires an increased capacity to develop youth competence, to efficiently track juveniles through the system, and to provide enhanced options such as restitution, community service, victim-offender mediation, and other restorative justice sanctions that reinforce the mutual obligations of an accountability-based juvenile justice system.
Only the agency designated by the chief executive (i.e., the Governor) of each state is eligible to apply for these funds. The term "state" means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. You may contact your Juvenile Justice Specialist for more information.
Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Program
Training and Technical AssistanceTop  
Training and Technical Assistance is available through several providers. The National Training and Technical Assistance Center (NTTAC) leverages linkages with consultants, trainers and resources to provide telephonic or onsite training and technical assistance. States may fill out a TA request form at and forward it to the appropriate OJJDP state representative to arrange training and technical assistance. States can also call NTTAC toll free at 800-830-4031.

Training and technical assistance support is also available from CSR Incorporated, which manages the JABG performance measurement process for OJJDP. CSR manages the Data Collection and Technical Assistance Tool (DCTAT) that OJJDP encourages states to use to submit their JABG performance measurement data. CSR staff also provide training and support regarding the selection and use of the JABG performance measures, as well as navigating the DCTAT. Print documents are available on the DCTAT Web site. You may also e-mail or call 1-866-487-0512 for further support.

OJJDP has established the JABG Technical Support Center with assistance from the Bureau of Justice Statistics and a grant to the Justice Research and Statistics Association (JRSA) to provide states with the data they need to calculate JABG allocations to local jurisdictions. JRSA combines information from the UCR Part 1 violent crimes with data on local justice expenditures (direct operating expenditures for police, corrections, and judicial and legal services) that the Census Bureau collects from local units of government. JRSA matches the FBI's crime data from police departments with the Census Bureau's justice expenditure data from local governments, resolves and discrepancies, and provides the results in a series of spreadsheets for each state. States can log onto a password-protected part of the online JABG Technical Super Center at to obtain allocation amounts (and supporting information on violent crimes and expenditures) for all local units of government.
OJJDP Contact(s)

Ricco Hall
State Program Manager

Eric Stansbury
State Program Manager

OJJDP Publication(s)
Best Practices in Juvenile Accountability: Overview
April 2003. This bulletin traces the history of OJJDP's Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants (JAIBG) program, reviews the developmental perspective that shapes juvenile accountability, and presents case histories that illustrate effective practices that promote accountability. 12 pages. NCJ 184745.
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Changes to OJJDP's Juvenile Accountability Program
June 2003. This document discusses the Juvenile Accountability Block Grants (JABG) program, which has been restructured effective October 1, 2003. 6 pages. NCJ 200220.
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Developing a Policy for Controlled Substance Testing of Juveniles
June 2000. This bulletin provides an overview of substance testing of juveniles, describes the major indicators of the need for such testing, and summarizes the research on recent trends in substance abuse. 12 pages. NCJ 178896.
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Developing and Administering Accountability-Based Sanctions for Juveniles
September 1999. This bulletin describes how to develop and administer accountability-based sanctions for juveniles. 12 pages. NCJ 177612.
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Enabling Prosecutors to Address Drug, Gang, and Youth Violence
December 1999. This bulletin, one in a series featuring Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants Program best practices, offers data on recent trends in juvenile violence, juvenile drug offenses, and gang-related juvenile offending and describes prosecutorial responses to such offenses. 12 pages. NCJ 178917.
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Enhancing Prosecutors' Ability To Combat and Prevent Juvenile Crime in Their Jurisdictions
December 1999. This bulletin provides recommendations for the effective use of additional prosecutors and the use of technology to increase efficiency in the juvenile justice system. 20 pages. NCJ 178916.
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Establishing and Maintaining Interagency Information Sharing
March 2000. This bulletin, part of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants, summarizes what is necessary to establish and maintain an interagency information sharing program. 16 pages. NCJ 178281.
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Increasing School Safety Through Juvenile Accountability Programs
December 2000. This bulletin focuses on the promotion of school safety by increasing the accountability of students for their behavior. 16 pages. NCJ 179283.
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Juvenile Accountability Block Grant Programs: 2008-2009 Report to Congress
March 2011. Presents data from local subgrantees on how their juvenile accountability programs performed during the 2008 and 2009 reporting periods. 25 pages. NCJ 231990.
Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Program (OJJDP In Focus)
October 2009. This fact sheet describes the features of the Federal Juvenile Accountability Block Grants (JABG) Program, which is administered by OJJDP in order to assist States and communities in implementing accountability-based programs. 4 pages. NCJ 226357.
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Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants: Strategic Planning Guide
January 1999. This manual is intended to serve as a planning tool and to provide a conceptual framework by which local and State agencies can analyze juvenile justice system needs and determine the most effective use of Federal funds provided through the Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant (JAIBG) program established by Congress in 1998. 62 pages. NCJ 172846.
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An Overview of the JAIBG Program
April 2001. This fact sjeet provides an overview of OJJDP's Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants program (JAIBG), including eligibility requirements, program focus areas, and the allocation of funds. 2 pages. NCJ 187529.
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Other Resources
Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Program Guidance Manual 2007 is designed to help states apply for, receive, obligate, and expend funds provided under the JABG program. It includes an overview of the program, a description of the application and award processes, and term definitions.

OJJDP Performance Measures Web Site
A one-stop resource for applicants and grantees, which will:
  • Review the significance of performance measures in the light of relevant federal legislation.
  • Assist applicants in developing a logic model that sets goals and objectives for their program.
  • Help applicants select appropriate performance measures and identify pertinent data sources for performance reporting. Enable grantees to report their performance measures online.
Applicants and grantees are encouraged to revisit this page regularly to access the latest information regarding performance measures.