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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Working for Youth Justice and Safety
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Courts: waiver/transfer
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Publications
Criminal Careers of Serious Delinquents in Two Cities
NIJ-Sponsored, OJJDP-Sponsored. This study investigated the evolution of offending within a sample of adolescent offenders in two large cities referred to juvenile and adult courts for serious criminal offenses. July 2004. 17 pages. NCJ 206175
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Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, 2005
OJJDP-Produced. Presents statistics on delinquency cases handled in U.S. juvenile courts between 1985 and 2005. June 2009. 4 pages. NCJ 224538
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Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, 2007
OJJDP-Produced. Presents statistics on delinquency cases processed between 1985 and 2007 by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. June 2010. 4 pages. NCJ 230168
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Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, 2009
OJJDP-Produced, Fact Sheet. National Report Series. This fact sheet presents statistics on delinquency cases processed between 1985 and 2009 by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. From 1985 through 1997, the number of delinquency cases climbed steadily (63 percent) and, from 1997 through 2009, the delinquency caseload dropped 20 percent. October 2012. 4 pages. NCJ 239081
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Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, 2010
OJJDP-Produced, Fact Sheet. National Report Series. This fact sheet presents statistics on delinquency cases processed between 1985 and 2010 by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. February 2014. 4 pages. NCJ 243041
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Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 2005
OJJDP-Produced. Presents statistics on petitioned delinquency cases waived to criminal court between 1985 and 2005. June 2009. 4 pages. NCJ 224539
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Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 2007
OJJDP-Produced. Presents estimates of the number of cases transferred from juvenile court to criminal court through the judicial waiver mechanism between 1985 and 2007. June 2010. 4 pages. NCJ 230167
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Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 1985-1994
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet presents estimates on delinquency cases judicially waived to criminal court for the period 1985-1994. February 1997. 2 pages. NCJ 247760
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Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 1987-1996
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet presents estimates on delinquency cases judicially waived to criminal court for the period 1987-1996. April 1999. 2 pages. NCJ 175560
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Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 1988-1997
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet presents estimates on delinquency cases judicially waived to criminal court for the period 1988-1997. March 2000. 2 pages. NCJ 181084
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Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 1989-1998
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet presents estimates on delinquency cases judicially waived to criminal court for the period 1989-1998. September 2001. 2 pages. NCJ 190338
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Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 1990-1999
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet presents estimates on delinquency cases judicially waived to criminal court for the period 1990-1999. September 2003. 2 pages. NCJ 203713
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Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 2008
OJJDP-Produced. Presents statistics on petitioned delinquency cases waived to criminal court between 1985 and 2009. U.S. juvenile courts handle approximately half of delinquency cases formally (i.e., a petition is filed requesting an adjudication or waiver hearing). This fact sheet is based on the report, Juvenile Court Statistics 2008. December 2011. 4 pages. NCJ 236481
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Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 2009
OJJDP-Produced, Fact Sheet. National Report Series. This fact sheet presents estimates of the number of cases transferred from juvenile court to criminal court through the judicial waiver mechanism between 1985 and 2009. In 2009, juvenile courts waived an estimated 7,600 delinquency cases, 45 percent fewer than in 1994. October 2012. 4 pages. NCJ 239080
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Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 2010
OJJDP-Produced, Fact Sheet. National Report Series. This fact sheet presents estimates of the number of cases transferred from juvenile court to criminal court through the judicial waiver mechanism between 1985 and 2010. February 2014. 4 pages. NCJ 243042
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Ethnic Identity and Offending Trajectories Among Mexican American Juvenile Offenders: Gang Membership and Psychosocial Maturity
NIJ-Sponsored, OJJDP-Sponsored. This study examined the association of joint trajectories of ethnic identity and criminal offending to psychosocial maturity. December 2012. 15 pages. NCJ 241734
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Female Delinquency Cases, 1997
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet provides information on female delinquency cases in 1997, covering counts and trends, offender characteristics, offenses, detention, intake decisions, waiver to criminal court, and adjudication and disposition. November 2000. 2 pages. NCJ 184992
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How Juveniles Get to Criminal Court
OJJDP-Produced. Uses data from the National Juvenile Court Data Archive to present state and aggregate information on the diverse mechanisms by which juveniles arrived in criminal court in 1992. October 1994. 6 pages. NCJ 150309
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Interstate Compact on Juveniles
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet describes the characteristics and implementation of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles (ICJ), a multi-State agreement that provides the procedural means to regulate the movement across State lines of juveniles who are under court supervision. September 2000. 2 pages. NCJ 184298
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Juvenile Arrests 2002
OJJDP-Produced. Summarizes and analyzes national and state juvenile arrest data presented in the FBI’s report Crime in the United States 2002. September 2004. 12 pages. NCJ 204608
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Juvenile Arrests 2008
OJJDP-Produced. Summarizes 2008 juvenile crime and arrest data reported by local law enforcement agencies across the country and cited in the FBI report Crime in the United States 2008. December 2009. 12 pages. NCJ 228479
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Juvenile Court Processing of Delinquency Cases, 1985-1994
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet provides national data on the processing of delinquency cases in juvenile court from 1985-1994, specifically cases formally processed, adjudicated, and the transferred to criminal court. March 1997. 2 pages. NCJ 247887
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Juvenile Court Processing of Delinquency Cases, 1986-1995
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet provides national data on the processing of delinquency cases in juvenile court from 1986-1995, specifically cases formally processed, adjudicated, and the transferred to criminal court. April 1999. 2 pages. NCJ 175562
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Juvenile Court Processing of Delinquency Cases, 1987-1996
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet provides national data on the processing of delinquency cases in juvenile court from 1987-1996, specifically cases formally processed, adjudicated, and the transferred to criminal court. April 1999. 2 pages. NCJ 198496
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Juvenile Court Statistics 1993: Statistics Report
OJJDP-Sponsored. Profiles delinquency cases and status offense cases handled by the juvenile courts in 1993. June 1996. 75 pages. NCJ 159535
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Juvenile Court Statistics 1994
OJJDP-Sponsored. Report, December 1996. Profiles delinquency cases and status offense cases handled by the juvenile courts in 1994. 110 pages. NCJ 163709. December 1996. 110 pages. NCJ 163709
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Juvenile Court Statistics 1995
OJJDP-Sponsored. Profiles delinquency cases and status offense cases handled by the juvenile courts in 1995. May 1998. 112 pages. NCJ 170607
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Juvenile Court Statistics 1996
OJJDP-Sponsored. Profiles delinquency cases and status offense cases handled by the juvenile courts in 1996 113 pages. July 1999. 113 pages. NCJ 168963
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Juvenile Court Statistics 1997
OJJDP-Sponsored. Profiles delinquency cases and status offense cases handled by the juvenile courts in 1997. June 2000. 118 pages. NCJ 180864
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Juvenile Court Statistics 1998
OJJDP-Sponsored. Profiles more than 1.7 million delinquency cases handled by the juvenile courts during 1998 and examines trends in case processing since 1989. June 2003. 115 pages. NCJ 193696
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Juvenile Court Statistics 1999: Celebrating 100 Years of the Juvenile Court, 1899-1999
OJJDP-Sponsored. Profiles nearly 1.7 million delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 1999 and reviews judicial trends since 1990. November 2003. 114 pages. NCJ 201241
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Juvenile Court Statistics, 2006-2007
OJJDP-Sponsored. Describes delinquency cases handled between 1985 and 2007 and petitioned status offense cases handled between 1995 and 2007 by more than 2,100 U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. March 2010. 170 pages. NCJ 230105
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Juvenile Court Statistics, 2009
OJJDP-Sponsored. Tracks trends in delinquency cases between 1985 and 2009 and in petitioned status offense cases processed between 1995 and 2009. July 2012. 152 pages. NCJ 239114
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Juvenile Court Statistics 2010
OJJDP-Sponsored. Tracks trends in delinquency cases between 1985 and 2010 and in petitioned status offense cases processed between 1995 and 2009. June 2013. 116 pages. NCJ 244080
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Juvenile Delinquency Guidelines: Improving Court Practice in Juvenile Delinquency Cases
OJJDP-Sponsored. Provides a benchbook of best practices that was developed by a committee of judges, a Chief Justice, prosecutors, defense attorneys, juvenile justice practitioners, and other professionals representing key stakeholders in the juvenile justice system, through the support of OJJDP. July 2005. 308 pages. NCJ 210606
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Juvenile Felony Defendants in Criminal Courts: State Court Processing Statistics, 1990-94
BJS, OJJDP-Sponsored. Compares juvenile felony defendants tried as adults with those formally processed in juvenile courts, based on findings from the State Court Processing Statistics program and juvenile court data collected by the National Center for Juvenile Justice. September 1998. 12 pages. NCJ 165815
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Juvenile Justice: A Century of Change
OJJDP-Produced, Bulletin. National Report Series. Reviews developments in juvenile justice system structure and process from the establishment of the nation's first juvenile court in 1899 through the present, including transfers of juveniles to criminal court. December 1999. 20 pages. NCJ 178995
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Juvenile Justice Journal, Volume IV, Number 1, May 1998 (Juvenile Justice at the Crossroads)
OJJDP-Produced, Journal. Juvenile Justice Journal. Describes the proceedings of OJJDP's national conference, "Juvenile Justice at the Crossroads," and presents many of the program concepts discussed in the conference workshops, including juvenile crime, responses to juvenile crime, and delinquency prevention. Available online only. May 1998. 121 pages. NCJ 165926
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Juvenile Justice Journal, Volume IV, Number 2 (Making a Difference Issue)
OJJDP-Produced, Journal. Juvenile Justice Journal. Highlights efforts to "make a difference" in the juvenile justice system and examines drug trafficking and homicides involving youth gangs. December 1997. 32 pages. NCJ 166823
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Juvenile Justice Reform Initiatives in the States: 1994-1996
OJJDP-Produced. Identifies and analyzes issues and trends associated with state juvenile justice reform initiatives that took place between 1994 and 1996; issues examined include juvenile violence, street gangs, delinquency prevention, boot camps, and juvenile transfer. October 1997. 93 pages. NCJ 165697
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Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1996 Update on Violence
OJJDP-Produced. Presents comprehensive information on juvenile crime, violence, and victimization and on the juvenile justice system. February 1996. 40 pages. NCJ 159107
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Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1997 Update on Violence
OJJDP-Produced. Presents comprehensive information on juvenile crime, violence, and victimization and on the juvenile justice system. August 1997. 55 pages. NCJ 165703
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Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report
OJJDP-Produced. Presents comprehensive information on juvenile crime, violence, and victimization and on the juvenile justice system. September 1999. 236 pages. NCJ 178257
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Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report
OJJDP-Produced. Presents comprehensive information on juvenile crime, violence, and victimization and on the juvenile justice system. March 2006. 260 pages. NCJ 212906
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Juvenile Offenders and Victims: A Focus on Violence
OJJDP-Sponsored. Presents comprehensive information on juvenile crime, violence, and victimization and on the juvenile justice system. This publication is not available online. Click here for ordering information. August 1995. 33 pages. NCJ 153570
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Juvenile Transfer Laws: An Effective Deterrent to Delinquency?
OJJDP-Produced. Provides an overview of research on the deterrent effects of transferring youth from juvenile to criminal courts, focusing on large-scale comprehensive OJJDP-funded studies on the effect of transfer laws on recidivism. June 2010. 12 pages. NCJ 220595
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Juvenile Transfers to Criminal Court in Florida: The 1994 Reforms
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet presents and interprets data on Florida's juvenile transfers to criminal court between 1993 and 1995 to determine any impacts from the Florida legislature's 1994 expansion of State laws on juvenile transfers. June 2001. 2 pages. NCJ 188295
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Juvenile Transfers to Criminal Court in the 1990's: Lessons Learned From Four Studies
OJJDP-Produced. Presents the findings of four studies of juvenile transfers to adult criminal court conducted by the National Center for Juvenile Justice. August 2000. 68 pages. NCJ 181301
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Juveniles Facing Criminal Sanctions: Three States That Changed the Rules
OJJDP-Produced. Report, April 2000. Examines state laws that target serious juvenile crime by expanding eligibility for criminal court processing and sanctioning and reducing confidentiality protections for a subset of juvenile offenders. 66 pages. NCJ 181203. April 2000. 66 pages. NCJ 181203
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Juveniles in Court
OJJDP-Produced, Bulletin. National Report Series. Provides national numbers and an overview of how courts process cases involving juvenile offenders. June 2003. 32 pages. NCJ 195420
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Juveniles and the Criminal Justice System Videoconference
OJJDP-Sponsored, Teleconference Videotapes. Examines trends in the prosecution of juveniles as adult criminal offenders and presents recent research on the impact of these trends on the justice system and incarcerated youth and implications for the future. December 1998. NCJ 173944
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The National Juvenile Court Data Archive Web Site
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet describes the National Juvenile Court Data Archive web site, a repository of the most detailed information and data sets available on the activities of the Nation's juvenile courts, as well as the procedures for accessing the data. December 2001. 2 pages. NCJ 191392
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The National Juvenile Court Data Archive: Collecting Data Since 1927
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet provides information about the National Juvenile Court Data Archive, which is used to collect, store, and analyze data about young people referred to U.S. courts for delinquency and status offenses. August 1997. 2 pages. NCJ 247909
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Offenders in Juvenile Court, 1992
OJJDP-Produced. Presents findings from the Report Juvenile Court Statistics 1992, which reports on cases handled by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. October 1994. 12 pages. NCJ 150039
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Offenders in Juvenile Court, 1993
OJJDP-Produced. Presents findings from the Report Juvenile Court Statistics 1993, which reports on cases handled by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. July 1996. 12 pages. NCJ 160945
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Offenders in Juvenile Court, 1994
OJJDP-Produced. Presents findings from the Report Juvenile Court Statistics 1994, which reports on cases handled by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. October 1996. 12 pages. NCJ 162423
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Offenders in Juvenile Court, 1995
OJJDP-Produced. Presents findings from the Report Juvenile Court Statistics 1995, which reports on cases handled by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. December 1997. 12 pages. NCJ 167885
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Offenders in Juvenile Court, 1996
OJJDP-Produced. Presents findings from the Report Juvenile Court Statistics 1996, which reports on cases handled by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. July 1999. 12 pages. NCJ 175719
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Offenders in Juvenile Court, 1997
OJJDP-Produced. Presents findings from the Report Juvenile Court Statistics 1997, which reports on cases handled by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. October 2000. 16 pages. NCJ 181204
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OJJDP News @ a Glance, March/April 2010
OJJDP-Produced, Grant. News @ a Glance . Features a a lead article on the National Symposium on Indigent Defense. The issue also includes special features on the recent National Symposium on Child Protection in Indian Country; the third annual Blueprints Conference promoting evidence-based programs to prevent youth violence; and the upcoming Internet Crimes Against Children Conference. March 2010. 14 pages. NCJ 229711
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OJJDP News @ a Glance, March/April 2013
OJJDP-Produced, Newsletter. News @ a Glance . This issue's lead story highlights defense attorney Robert L. Listenbee’s assumption of the leadership of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in March 2013. April 2013. 0 pages. NCJ 241367
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Reducing Disproportionate Minority Contact: Preparation at the Local Level
OJJDP-Produced. Describes strategies that States and communities can use to reduce disproportionate minority contact with the juvenile justice system. September 2009. 12 pages. NCJ 218861
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Standard Relating to Transfer Between Courts
OJJDP-Sponsored. This volume of American Bar Association juvenile justice standards addresses waiver, the process by which the juvenile court releases certain juveniles from its jurisdiction and transfers them to the criminal courts. 1980. 70 pages. NCJ 82487
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Standards Relating to Counsel for Private Parties
OJJDP-Sponsored, American Bar Association. These juvenile justice standards for counsel for private parties focus on the lawyer-client relationship, the initial stages of representation, advising and counseling the client, preadjudication proceedings, adjudication, transfer proceedings, disposition, and postdisposition. 1980. 236 pages. NCJ 83582
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State Legislative Responses to Violent Juvenile Crime: 1996-97 Update
OJJDP-Produced. Analyzes state laws enacted in 1996 and 1997 to target serious and violent juvenile crime, including laws related to juvenile court jurisdictional authority and disposition options, corrections programming, confidentiality, and victims of juvenile crime. November 1998. 16 pages. NCJ 172835
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State Responses to Serious and Violent Juvenile Crime
OJJDP-Produced. Analyzes state laws enacted during 1992–1995 to target serious and violent juvenile crime, including laws related to juvenile court jurisdictional authority and disposition options, corrections programming, confidentiality, and victims of juvenile crime. July 1996. 75 pages. NCJ 161565
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A Study of Juvenile Transfers to Criminal Court in Florida
OJJDP-Produced. This fact sheet provides an overview of the four components of a study of Florida's juvenile transfers to criminal court. August 1999. 2 pages. NCJ 177896
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Transfer of Juveniles to Adult Court: Effects of a Broad Policy in One Court
OJJDP-Produced, Bulletin. Pathways to Desistance. Presents findings from the Pathways to Desistance study about the effects of transfer on a sample of serious adolescent offenders in Maricopa County, AZ. December 2012. 20 pages. NCJ 232932
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Trying Juveniles as Adults in Criminal Court: An Analysis of State Transfer Provisions
OJJDP-Produced. Analyzes the principal statutory mechanisms and criteria by which juveniles are placed in the criminal justice system at the state level for serious and violent crimes. December 1998. 29 pages. NCJ 172836
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Trying Juveniles as Adults: An Analysis of State Transfer Laws and Reporting
OJJDP-Produced, Report. National Report Series. This bulletin, part of the Juvenile Offenders and Victims National Report Series, provides the latest overview of state transfer laws and practices as well as examining available state-level data on juveniles adjudicated in the criminal justice system. September 2011. 28 pages. NCJ 232434
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Young Offenders: What Happens and What Should Happen
NIJ, OJJDP-Produced, Bulletin. Justice Research Series. Examines policies that affect young offenders who cross over from the juvenile to the criminal justice system. February 2014. 3 pages. NCJ 242653
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